Biomineralization plasticity and environmental heterogeneity predict geographical resilience patterns of foundation species to future change

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Biomineralization plasticity and environmental heterogeneity predict geographical resilience patterns of foundation species to future change. / Telesca, Luca; Peck, Lloyd S.; Sanders, Trystan; Thyrring, Jakob; Sejr, Mikael K.; Harper, Elizabeth M.

In: Global Change Biology, Vol. 25, No. 12, 12.2019, p. 4179-4193.

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Telesca, Luca ; Peck, Lloyd S. ; Sanders, Trystan ; Thyrring, Jakob ; Sejr, Mikael K. ; Harper, Elizabeth M. / Biomineralization plasticity and environmental heterogeneity predict geographical resilience patterns of foundation species to future change. In: Global Change Biology. 2019 ; Vol. 25, No. 12. pp. 4179-4193.

Bibtex

@article{2bfb9bce0bc546cd8a74bdcf15186a15,
title = "Biomineralization plasticity and environmental heterogeneity predict geographical resilience patterns of foundation species to future change",
abstract = "Although geographical patterns of species' sensitivity to environmental changes are defined by interacting multiple stressors, little is known about compensatory processes shaping regional differences in organismal vulnerability. Here, we examine large-scale spatial variations in biomineralization under heterogeneous environmental gradients of temperature, salinity and food availability across a 30° latitudinal range (3,334 km), to test whether plasticity in calcareous shell production and composition, from juveniles to large adults, mediates geographical patterns of resilience to climate change in critical foundation species, the mussels Mytilus edulis and M. trossulus. We find shell calcification decreased towards high latitude, with mussels producing thinner shells with a higher organic content in polar than temperate regions. Salinity was the best predictor of within-region differences in mussel shell deposition, mineral and organic composition. In polar, subpolar, and Baltic low-salinity environments, mussels produced thin shells with a thicker external organic layer (periostracum), and an increased proportion of calcite (prismatic layer, as opposed to aragonite) and organic matrix, providing potentially higher resistance against dissolution in more corrosive waters. Conversely, in temperate, higher salinity regimes, thicker, more calcified shells with a higher aragonite (nacreous layer) proportion were deposited, which suggests enhanced protection under increased predation pressure. Interacting effects of salinity and food availability on mussel shell composition predict the deposition of a thicker periostracum and organic-enriched prismatic layer under forecasted future environmental conditions, suggesting a capacity for increased protection of high-latitude populations from ocean acidification. These findings support biomineralization plasticity as a potentially advantageous compensatory mechanism conferring Mytilus species a protective capacity for quantitative and qualitative trade-offs in shell deposition as a response to regional alterations of abiotic and biotic conditions in future environments. Our work illustrates that compensatory mechanisms, driving plastic responses to the spatial structure of multiple stressors, can define geographical patterns of unanticipated species resilience to global environmental change.",
keywords = "biomineralization, calcification, climate change, compensatory mechanisms, multiple stressors, Mytilus, ocean acidification, resistance, CARBONATE CHEMISTRY, SEA POPULATIONS, SEAWATER, MYTILUS-EDULIS, OCEAN ACIDIFICATION, INDUCED DEFENSES, SATURATION STATE, ADAPTATION, CALCIFICATION, IMPACTS",
author = "Luca Telesca and Peck, {Lloyd S.} and Trystan Sanders and Jakob Thyrring and Sejr, {Mikael K.} and Harper, {Elizabeth M.}",
note = "{\circledC} 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1111/gcb.14758",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "4179--4193",
journal = "Global Change Biology",
issn = "1354-1013",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biomineralization plasticity and environmental heterogeneity predict geographical resilience patterns of foundation species to future change

AU - Telesca, Luca

AU - Peck, Lloyd S.

AU - Sanders, Trystan

AU - Thyrring, Jakob

AU - Sejr, Mikael K.

AU - Harper, Elizabeth M.

N1 - © 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

N2 - Although geographical patterns of species' sensitivity to environmental changes are defined by interacting multiple stressors, little is known about compensatory processes shaping regional differences in organismal vulnerability. Here, we examine large-scale spatial variations in biomineralization under heterogeneous environmental gradients of temperature, salinity and food availability across a 30° latitudinal range (3,334 km), to test whether plasticity in calcareous shell production and composition, from juveniles to large adults, mediates geographical patterns of resilience to climate change in critical foundation species, the mussels Mytilus edulis and M. trossulus. We find shell calcification decreased towards high latitude, with mussels producing thinner shells with a higher organic content in polar than temperate regions. Salinity was the best predictor of within-region differences in mussel shell deposition, mineral and organic composition. In polar, subpolar, and Baltic low-salinity environments, mussels produced thin shells with a thicker external organic layer (periostracum), and an increased proportion of calcite (prismatic layer, as opposed to aragonite) and organic matrix, providing potentially higher resistance against dissolution in more corrosive waters. Conversely, in temperate, higher salinity regimes, thicker, more calcified shells with a higher aragonite (nacreous layer) proportion were deposited, which suggests enhanced protection under increased predation pressure. Interacting effects of salinity and food availability on mussel shell composition predict the deposition of a thicker periostracum and organic-enriched prismatic layer under forecasted future environmental conditions, suggesting a capacity for increased protection of high-latitude populations from ocean acidification. These findings support biomineralization plasticity as a potentially advantageous compensatory mechanism conferring Mytilus species a protective capacity for quantitative and qualitative trade-offs in shell deposition as a response to regional alterations of abiotic and biotic conditions in future environments. Our work illustrates that compensatory mechanisms, driving plastic responses to the spatial structure of multiple stressors, can define geographical patterns of unanticipated species resilience to global environmental change.

AB - Although geographical patterns of species' sensitivity to environmental changes are defined by interacting multiple stressors, little is known about compensatory processes shaping regional differences in organismal vulnerability. Here, we examine large-scale spatial variations in biomineralization under heterogeneous environmental gradients of temperature, salinity and food availability across a 30° latitudinal range (3,334 km), to test whether plasticity in calcareous shell production and composition, from juveniles to large adults, mediates geographical patterns of resilience to climate change in critical foundation species, the mussels Mytilus edulis and M. trossulus. We find shell calcification decreased towards high latitude, with mussels producing thinner shells with a higher organic content in polar than temperate regions. Salinity was the best predictor of within-region differences in mussel shell deposition, mineral and organic composition. In polar, subpolar, and Baltic low-salinity environments, mussels produced thin shells with a thicker external organic layer (periostracum), and an increased proportion of calcite (prismatic layer, as opposed to aragonite) and organic matrix, providing potentially higher resistance against dissolution in more corrosive waters. Conversely, in temperate, higher salinity regimes, thicker, more calcified shells with a higher aragonite (nacreous layer) proportion were deposited, which suggests enhanced protection under increased predation pressure. Interacting effects of salinity and food availability on mussel shell composition predict the deposition of a thicker periostracum and organic-enriched prismatic layer under forecasted future environmental conditions, suggesting a capacity for increased protection of high-latitude populations from ocean acidification. These findings support biomineralization plasticity as a potentially advantageous compensatory mechanism conferring Mytilus species a protective capacity for quantitative and qualitative trade-offs in shell deposition as a response to regional alterations of abiotic and biotic conditions in future environments. Our work illustrates that compensatory mechanisms, driving plastic responses to the spatial structure of multiple stressors, can define geographical patterns of unanticipated species resilience to global environmental change.

KW - biomineralization

KW - calcification

KW - climate change

KW - compensatory mechanisms

KW - multiple stressors

KW - Mytilus

KW - ocean acidification

KW - resistance

KW - CARBONATE CHEMISTRY

KW - SEA POPULATIONS

KW - SEAWATER

KW - MYTILUS-EDULIS

KW - OCEAN ACIDIFICATION

KW - INDUCED DEFENSES

KW - SATURATION STATE

KW - ADAPTATION

KW - CALCIFICATION

KW - IMPACTS

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070923558&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/gcb.14758

DO - 10.1111/gcb.14758

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31432587

AN - SCOPUS:85070923558

VL - 25

SP - 4179

EP - 4193

JO - Global Change Biology

JF - Global Change Biology

SN - 1354-1013

IS - 12

ER -