Biomarkers of fitness and welfare in dairy cattle: healthy productivity

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperReviewResearchpeer-review

  • Maya Zachut, Volcani Center
  • ,
  • Marcela Šperanda, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
  • ,
  • André M. De Almeida, University of Lisbon
  • ,
  • Gianfranco Gabai, Università degli Studi di Padova
  • ,
  • Ali Mobasheri, State Research Institute Centre for Innovative Medicine, University of Oulu, Queen's Medical Centre
  • ,
  • Lorenzo E. Hernández-Castellano

Milk production intensification has led to several unwanted aspects, such as sustainability issues and environmental pollution. Among these, increased milk outputs that have been achieved over the last 70 years have led to several health and pathophysiological conditions in high yielding dairy animals, including metabolic diseases that were uncommon in the past. Increased occurrence of diverse metabolic diseases in cattle and other domestic animals is a key feature of domestication that not only affects the animals' health and productivity, but also may have important and adverse health impacts on human consumers through the elevated use of drugs and antibiotics. These aspects will influence economical and ethical aspects in the near future. Therefore, finding and establishing proper biomarkers for early detection of metabolic diseases is of great interest. In the present review, recent work on the discovery of fitness, stress and welfare biomarkers in dairy cows is presented, focusing in particular on possible biomarkers of energy balance and oxidative stress in plasma and milk, and biomarkers of production-related diseases and decreased fertility.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Dairy Research
Volume87
Issue1
Pages (from-to)4-13
Number of pages10
ISSN0022-0299
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • Biomarkers, dairy animals, health, productivity, welfare

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