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Biodistribution of 99mTc-HYNIC-lactadherin in mice - a potential tracer for visualizing apoptosis in vivo

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  • Biomedical Radio Isotope Techniques
  • Department of Molecular Biology
  • Department of Experimental Clinical Oncology
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to establish a radio synthesis of (99m)Tc-HYNIC-lactadherin for in vivo studies and to perform biodistribution analysis studies in mice, comparing (99m)Tc-HYNIC-lactadherin to (99m)Tc-HYNIC-annexin V. METHODS: The radiochemical purity of (99m)Tc-HYNIC-lactadherin was optimized by varying the amount of SnCl(2) in the synthesis. Furthermore, the need for bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a stabilizing agent was evaluated by following the stability by radiochemical purity measurement with and without the addition of BSA. A total of 24 mice were assigned to groups of 15 and nine mice, respectively. The animals were sacrificed at different time points; 10 min, 60 min, and 180 min. RESULTS: The synthesis of (99m)Tc-HYNIC-lactadherin for in vivo studies has been optimized to give a stable product without addition of BSA and with a radiochemical purity of more than 95%. Approximately 60% of the injected dose of (99m)Tc-HYNIC-lactadherin was found in the liver and 4-5% could be assigned to kidneys. In contrast, (99m)Tc-HYNIC-annexin V distributes with around 13% and 45% of the injected dose in liver and kidneys, respectively. Over the experimental period (10-180 min) only small distributional changes were observed for both probes. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the biodistribution of (99m)Tc-HYNIC-lactadherin, a potential new tracer for in vivo quantification of apoptosis, was evaluated. The small renal uptake of (99m)Tc-HYNIC-lactadherin makes it possible to image apoptosis in the kidneys, but the high liver clearance may be a disadvantage during myocardial perfusion.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation
Pages (from-to)209-16
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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