Beyond Mars and Venus: The Role of Gender Essentialism in Support for Gender Inequality and Backlash

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Beyond Mars and Venus : The Role of Gender Essentialism in Support for Gender Inequality and Backlash. / Skewes, Lea; Fine, Cordelia; Haslam, Nick.

In: PLOS ONE, Vol. 13, No. 7, e0200921, 07.2018.

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@article{a8ad70d03b294134acafdba1a9d2d077,
title = "Beyond Mars and Venus: The Role of Gender Essentialism in Support for Gender Inequality and Backlash",
abstract = "It has been argued that gender essentialism impedes progress towards greater gender equality. Here we present a new gender essentialism scale (GES), and validate it in two large nationally representative samples from Denmark and Australia. In both samples the GES was highly reliable and predicted lack of support for sex-role egalitarianism and support for gender discrimination, as well as perceived fairness of gender-based treatment in the Australian sample, independently of two established predictors (i.e., social dominance orientation and conservative political orientation). In addition, gender essentialism assessed by the GES moderated some manifestations of the backlash effect: high essentialists were more likely to respond negatively towards a power-seeking female political candidate relative to a male candidate. Given the implications for possible workplace interventions, further work could usefully explore whether gender essentialism moderates other well-established forms of gender bias.",
keywords = "Gender essentialism, Gender equality, Backlash",
author = "Lea Skewes and Cordelia Fine and Nick Haslam",
year = "2018",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0200921",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "public library of science",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Beyond Mars and Venus

T2 - The Role of Gender Essentialism in Support for Gender Inequality and Backlash

AU - Skewes, Lea

AU - Fine, Cordelia

AU - Haslam, Nick

PY - 2018/7

Y1 - 2018/7

N2 - It has been argued that gender essentialism impedes progress towards greater gender equality. Here we present a new gender essentialism scale (GES), and validate it in two large nationally representative samples from Denmark and Australia. In both samples the GES was highly reliable and predicted lack of support for sex-role egalitarianism and support for gender discrimination, as well as perceived fairness of gender-based treatment in the Australian sample, independently of two established predictors (i.e., social dominance orientation and conservative political orientation). In addition, gender essentialism assessed by the GES moderated some manifestations of the backlash effect: high essentialists were more likely to respond negatively towards a power-seeking female political candidate relative to a male candidate. Given the implications for possible workplace interventions, further work could usefully explore whether gender essentialism moderates other well-established forms of gender bias.

AB - It has been argued that gender essentialism impedes progress towards greater gender equality. Here we present a new gender essentialism scale (GES), and validate it in two large nationally representative samples from Denmark and Australia. In both samples the GES was highly reliable and predicted lack of support for sex-role egalitarianism and support for gender discrimination, as well as perceived fairness of gender-based treatment in the Australian sample, independently of two established predictors (i.e., social dominance orientation and conservative political orientation). In addition, gender essentialism assessed by the GES moderated some manifestations of the backlash effect: high essentialists were more likely to respond negatively towards a power-seeking female political candidate relative to a male candidate. Given the implications for possible workplace interventions, further work could usefully explore whether gender essentialism moderates other well-established forms of gender bias.

KW - Gender essentialism

KW - Gender equality

KW - Backlash

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0200921

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0200921

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30040839

VL - 13

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 7

M1 - e0200921

ER -