Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

beta-Sheet aggregation of kisspeptin-10 is stimulated by heparin but inhibited by amphiphiles

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

beta-Sheet aggregation of kisspeptin-10 is stimulated by heparin but inhibited by amphiphiles. / Nielsen, Søren Bang; Franzmann, Magnus; Basaiawmoit, Rajiv V; Wimmer, Reinhard; Mikkelsen, Jens D; Otzen, Daniel E.

In: Biopolymers, Vol. 93, No. 8, 01.08.2010, p. 678-89.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Nielsen, Søren Bang ; Franzmann, Magnus ; Basaiawmoit, Rajiv V ; Wimmer, Reinhard ; Mikkelsen, Jens D ; Otzen, Daniel E. / beta-Sheet aggregation of kisspeptin-10 is stimulated by heparin but inhibited by amphiphiles. In: Biopolymers. 2010 ; Vol. 93, No. 8. pp. 678-89.

Bibtex

@article{0908db82978f4cb9ac1e071f63c999c9,
title = "beta-Sheet aggregation of kisspeptin-10 is stimulated by heparin but inhibited by amphiphiles",
abstract = "The murine 10-residue neurohormone kisspeptin (YNWNSFGLRY) is an important regulator of reproductive behavior and gonadotrophin secretion. It is known to form a random coil in solution, but undergoes a structural change in the presence of membranes although the nature of this change is not fully determined. The peptide's conformational versatility raises the question whether it is also able to form ordered aggregates under physiological conditions, which might be relevant as a storage mechanism. Here we show that heparin induces kisspeptin to form beta-sheet rich amyloid aggregates both at neutral (pH 7.0) and slightly acidic (pH 5.2) conditions. Addition of heparin leads to aggregation after a certain lag phase, irrespective of the time of addition of heparin, indicating that heparin is needed to facilitate the formation of fibrillation nuclei. Aggregation is completely inhibited by submicellar concentrations of zwitterionic and anionic surfactants. Unlike previous reports, our NMR data do not indicate persistent structure in the presence of zwitterionic surfactant micelles. Thus kisspeptin can aggregate under physiologically relevant conditions provided heparin is present, but the process is highly sensitive to the presence of amphiphiles, highlighting the very dynamic nature of the peptide conformation and suggesting that kisspeptin aggregation is a biologically regulatable process.",
keywords = "Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Circular Dichroism, Fluorescent Dyes, Heparin, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Mice, Micelles, Microscopy, Atomic Force, Oligopeptides, Protein Multimerization, Protein Structure, Secondary, Spectrometry, Fluorescence, Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared, Surface-Active Agents, Thiazoles",
author = "Nielsen, {S{\o}ren Bang} and Magnus Franzmann and Basaiawmoit, {Rajiv V} and Reinhard Wimmer and Mikkelsen, {Jens D} and Otzen, {Daniel E}",
year = "2010",
month = aug,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/bip.21434",
language = "English",
volume = "93",
pages = "678--89",
journal = "Biopolymers",
issn = "0006-3525",
publisher = "John/Wiley & Sons, Inc. John/Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - beta-Sheet aggregation of kisspeptin-10 is stimulated by heparin but inhibited by amphiphiles

AU - Nielsen, Søren Bang

AU - Franzmann, Magnus

AU - Basaiawmoit, Rajiv V

AU - Wimmer, Reinhard

AU - Mikkelsen, Jens D

AU - Otzen, Daniel E

PY - 2010/8/1

Y1 - 2010/8/1

N2 - The murine 10-residue neurohormone kisspeptin (YNWNSFGLRY) is an important regulator of reproductive behavior and gonadotrophin secretion. It is known to form a random coil in solution, but undergoes a structural change in the presence of membranes although the nature of this change is not fully determined. The peptide's conformational versatility raises the question whether it is also able to form ordered aggregates under physiological conditions, which might be relevant as a storage mechanism. Here we show that heparin induces kisspeptin to form beta-sheet rich amyloid aggregates both at neutral (pH 7.0) and slightly acidic (pH 5.2) conditions. Addition of heparin leads to aggregation after a certain lag phase, irrespective of the time of addition of heparin, indicating that heparin is needed to facilitate the formation of fibrillation nuclei. Aggregation is completely inhibited by submicellar concentrations of zwitterionic and anionic surfactants. Unlike previous reports, our NMR data do not indicate persistent structure in the presence of zwitterionic surfactant micelles. Thus kisspeptin can aggregate under physiologically relevant conditions provided heparin is present, but the process is highly sensitive to the presence of amphiphiles, highlighting the very dynamic nature of the peptide conformation and suggesting that kisspeptin aggregation is a biologically regulatable process.

AB - The murine 10-residue neurohormone kisspeptin (YNWNSFGLRY) is an important regulator of reproductive behavior and gonadotrophin secretion. It is known to form a random coil in solution, but undergoes a structural change in the presence of membranes although the nature of this change is not fully determined. The peptide's conformational versatility raises the question whether it is also able to form ordered aggregates under physiological conditions, which might be relevant as a storage mechanism. Here we show that heparin induces kisspeptin to form beta-sheet rich amyloid aggregates both at neutral (pH 7.0) and slightly acidic (pH 5.2) conditions. Addition of heparin leads to aggregation after a certain lag phase, irrespective of the time of addition of heparin, indicating that heparin is needed to facilitate the formation of fibrillation nuclei. Aggregation is completely inhibited by submicellar concentrations of zwitterionic and anionic surfactants. Unlike previous reports, our NMR data do not indicate persistent structure in the presence of zwitterionic surfactant micelles. Thus kisspeptin can aggregate under physiologically relevant conditions provided heparin is present, but the process is highly sensitive to the presence of amphiphiles, highlighting the very dynamic nature of the peptide conformation and suggesting that kisspeptin aggregation is a biologically regulatable process.

KW - Amino Acid Sequence

KW - Animals

KW - Circular Dichroism

KW - Fluorescent Dyes

KW - Heparin

KW - Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

KW - Mice

KW - Micelles

KW - Microscopy, Atomic Force

KW - Oligopeptides

KW - Protein Multimerization

KW - Protein Structure, Secondary

KW - Spectrometry, Fluorescence

KW - Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared

KW - Surface-Active Agents

KW - Thiazoles

U2 - 10.1002/bip.21434

DO - 10.1002/bip.21434

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 20301214

VL - 93

SP - 678

EP - 689

JO - Biopolymers

JF - Biopolymers

SN - 0006-3525

IS - 8

ER -