Below the Sea (with the Sharks): Probing Textual Features of Implicit Sentiment in a Literary Case-study

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Literary language presents an ongoing challenge for Sentiment Analysis (SA) due to its complex, nuanced, and layered form of expression. It is often suggested that effective literary writing is evocative, operates beneath the surface and understates emotional expression. To explore features of implicitness in literary expression, this study takes Ernest Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea as a case-study, focusing specifically at implicit sentiment expression in this text. We examine sentences where automatic sentiment scoring shows substantial divergences from human sentiment annotation, and probe these sentences for distinctive traits. We find that sentences where humans perceived a strong sentiment while models did not are significantly lower in arousal and higher in concreteness than sentences where humans and models were more aligned, suggesting the importance of simplicity and concreteness for implicit sentiment expression in literary prose.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Third Workshop on Understanding Implicit and Underspecified Language : Proceedings of the Workshop
EditorsValentina Pyatkin, Daniel Fried, Elias Stengel-Eskin, Alisa Liu, Sandro Pezzelle
Number of pages8
PublisherAssociation for Computational Linguistics (ACL)
Publication date2024
Pages54-61
ISBN (Electronic)979-8-89176-083-7
Publication statusPublished - 2024
Event3rd Workshop on Understanding Implicit and Underspecified Language, UnImplicit 2024 - St. Julian's, Malta
Duration: 21 Mar 2024 → …

Conference

Conference3rd Workshop on Understanding Implicit and Underspecified Language, UnImplicit 2024
Country/TerritoryMalta
CitySt. Julian's
Period21/03/2024 → …

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