Automatic processing of time domain induced polarization data using supervised artificial neural networks

Adrian A.S. Barfod*, Léa Lévy, Jakob Juul Larsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

131 Downloads (Pure)


Processing of geophysical data is a time consuming task involving many different steps. One approach for accelerating and automating processing of geophysical data is to look towards machine learning (ML). ML encompasses a wide range of tools, which can be used to automate complicated and/or tedious tasks. We present strategies for automating the processing of time-domain induced polarization (IP) data using ML. An IP data set from Grindsted in Denmark is used to investigate the applicability of neural networks for processing such data. The Grindsted data set consists of eight profiles, with approximately 2000 data curves per profile, on average. Each curve needs to be processed, which, using the manual approach, can take 1–2 hr per profile. Around 20 per cent of the curves were manually processed and used to train and validate an artificial neural network. Once trained, the network could process all curves, in 6–15 s for each profile. The accuracy of the neural network, when considering the manual processing as a reference, is 90.8 per cent. At first, the network could not detect outlier curves, that is where entire chargeability curves were significantly different from their spatial neighbours. Therefore, an outlier curve detection algorithm was developed and implemented to work in tandem with the network. The automatic processing approach developed here, involving the neural network and the outlier curve detection, leads to similar inversion results as the manual processing, with the two significant advantages of reduced processing times and enhanced processing consistency.
Translated title of the contributionAutomatisk prosessering af tids domæne induseret polarisations data ved brug af supervised kunstige neurale netværk
Original languageEnglish
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Pages (from-to)312-325
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Electrical resistivity tomography (ER6)
  • Hydrogeophysics
  • Neural networks, fuzzy logic

Cite this