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Associations of mindful eating domains with depressive symptoms and depression in three European countries

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Associations of mindful eating domains with depressive symptoms and depression in three European countries. / Winkens, L. H. H.; van Strien, Tatjana ; Brouwer, Ingeborg A; Penninx, Brenda W J H; Visser, Marjolein ; Lähteenmäki, Liisa.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 228, 2018, p. 26-32.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Winkens, LHH, van Strien, T, Brouwer, IA, Penninx, BWJH, Visser, M & Lähteenmäki, L 2018, 'Associations of mindful eating domains with depressive symptoms and depression in three European countries', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 228, pp. 26-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.11.069

APA

Winkens, L. H. H., van Strien, T., Brouwer, I. A., Penninx, B. W. J. H., Visser, M., & Lähteenmäki, L. (2018). Associations of mindful eating domains with depressive symptoms and depression in three European countries. Journal of Affective Disorders, 228, 26-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.11.069

CBE

Winkens LHH, van Strien T, Brouwer IA, Penninx BWJH, Visser M, Lähteenmäki L. 2018. Associations of mindful eating domains with depressive symptoms and depression in three European countries. Journal of Affective Disorders. 228:26-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.11.069

MLA

Vancouver

Winkens LHH, van Strien T, Brouwer IA, Penninx BWJH, Visser M, Lähteenmäki L. Associations of mindful eating domains with depressive symptoms and depression in three European countries. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2018;228:26-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.11.069

Author

Winkens, L. H. H. ; van Strien, Tatjana ; Brouwer, Ingeborg A ; Penninx, Brenda W J H ; Visser, Marjolein ; Lähteenmäki, Liisa. / Associations of mindful eating domains with depressive symptoms and depression in three European countries. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2018 ; Vol. 228. pp. 26-32.

Bibtex

@article{7e489f63eaf7437b8e1ad12e51afb359,
title = "Associations of mindful eating domains with depressive symptoms and depression in three European countries",
abstract = "Objective To examine associations of mindful eating domains with depressive symptoms and depression in three European countries. Moderation by change in appetite—with increased appetite as marker for depression with atypical features — was also tested. Methods Data were collected in Denmark (n = 1522), Spain (n = 1512) and the Netherlands (n = 1439). Multiple linear and logistic regression analyses segregated by country were used to test associations of four mindful eating domains (Mindful Eating Behaviour Scale; MEBS) with depressive symptoms (continuous score on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale; CES-D) and depression (score above the CES-D cut-off value, and/or use of antidepressants, and/or psychological treatment). Moderation by change in appetite was tested with bias-corrected bootstrap confidence intervals. Results The domains Focused Eating, Eating with Awareness and Eating without Distraction were significantly negatively associated with depressive symptoms and depression in all three countries (e.g. Focused Eating Denmark: B = − 0.71, 95{\%} CI: − 0.87, − 0.54; OR = 0.89, 95{\%} CI: 0.86, 0.93). The domain Hunger and Satiety Cues (only measured in the Netherlands) was significantly positively associated with depressive symptoms in the adjusted models (B = 0.09, 95{\%} CI: 0.02, 0.16), but not with depression (OR = 1.02, 95{\%} CI: 0.98, 1.05). These associations were found for both people with and without increased appetite. Limitations The cross-sectional design, which makes it impossible to draw causal conclusions. Conclusions The present study indicates that higher scores on three mindful eating domains are consistently associated with a lower level of depressive symptoms and a lower likelihood of having depression in three European countries.",
keywords = "Adult, Aged, Cross-Sectional Studies, Depression/psychology, Depressive Disorder/psychology, Europe, Feeding Behavior/psychology, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Mindfulness, Regression Analysis",
author = "Winkens, {L. H. H.} and {van Strien}, Tatjana and Brouwer, {Ingeborg A} and Penninx, {Brenda W J H} and Marjolein Visser and Liisa L{\"a}hteenm{\"a}ki",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2017.11.069",
language = "English",
volume = "228",
pages = "26--32",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations of mindful eating domains with depressive symptoms and depression in three European countries

AU - Winkens, L. H. H.

AU - van Strien, Tatjana

AU - Brouwer, Ingeborg A

AU - Penninx, Brenda W J H

AU - Visser, Marjolein

AU - Lähteenmäki, Liisa

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Objective To examine associations of mindful eating domains with depressive symptoms and depression in three European countries. Moderation by change in appetite—with increased appetite as marker for depression with atypical features — was also tested. Methods Data were collected in Denmark (n = 1522), Spain (n = 1512) and the Netherlands (n = 1439). Multiple linear and logistic regression analyses segregated by country were used to test associations of four mindful eating domains (Mindful Eating Behaviour Scale; MEBS) with depressive symptoms (continuous score on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale; CES-D) and depression (score above the CES-D cut-off value, and/or use of antidepressants, and/or psychological treatment). Moderation by change in appetite was tested with bias-corrected bootstrap confidence intervals. Results The domains Focused Eating, Eating with Awareness and Eating without Distraction were significantly negatively associated with depressive symptoms and depression in all three countries (e.g. Focused Eating Denmark: B = − 0.71, 95% CI: − 0.87, − 0.54; OR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.86, 0.93). The domain Hunger and Satiety Cues (only measured in the Netherlands) was significantly positively associated with depressive symptoms in the adjusted models (B = 0.09, 95% CI: 0.02, 0.16), but not with depression (OR = 1.02, 95% CI: 0.98, 1.05). These associations were found for both people with and without increased appetite. Limitations The cross-sectional design, which makes it impossible to draw causal conclusions. Conclusions The present study indicates that higher scores on three mindful eating domains are consistently associated with a lower level of depressive symptoms and a lower likelihood of having depression in three European countries.

AB - Objective To examine associations of mindful eating domains with depressive symptoms and depression in three European countries. Moderation by change in appetite—with increased appetite as marker for depression with atypical features — was also tested. Methods Data were collected in Denmark (n = 1522), Spain (n = 1512) and the Netherlands (n = 1439). Multiple linear and logistic regression analyses segregated by country were used to test associations of four mindful eating domains (Mindful Eating Behaviour Scale; MEBS) with depressive symptoms (continuous score on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale; CES-D) and depression (score above the CES-D cut-off value, and/or use of antidepressants, and/or psychological treatment). Moderation by change in appetite was tested with bias-corrected bootstrap confidence intervals. Results The domains Focused Eating, Eating with Awareness and Eating without Distraction were significantly negatively associated with depressive symptoms and depression in all three countries (e.g. Focused Eating Denmark: B = − 0.71, 95% CI: − 0.87, − 0.54; OR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.86, 0.93). The domain Hunger and Satiety Cues (only measured in the Netherlands) was significantly positively associated with depressive symptoms in the adjusted models (B = 0.09, 95% CI: 0.02, 0.16), but not with depression (OR = 1.02, 95% CI: 0.98, 1.05). These associations were found for both people with and without increased appetite. Limitations The cross-sectional design, which makes it impossible to draw causal conclusions. Conclusions The present study indicates that higher scores on three mindful eating domains are consistently associated with a lower level of depressive symptoms and a lower likelihood of having depression in three European countries.

KW - Adult

KW - Aged

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Depression/psychology

KW - Depressive Disorder/psychology

KW - Europe

KW - Feeding Behavior/psychology

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Mindfulness

KW - Regression Analysis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85036537902&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2017.11.069

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2017.11.069

M3 - Journal article

VL - 228

SP - 26

EP - 32

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

ER -