Association analysis for young stock survival index with imputed whole-genome sequence variants in Nordic Holstein cattle

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  • Xiaoping Wu
  • ,
  • Bernt Guldbrandtsen
  • ,
  • Ulrik Sander Nielsen, Livestock Innovation, SEGES, Danish Agricultural and Food Council F.m.b.A, 8200 Aarhus, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Mogens Sandø Lund
  • Goutam Sahana

Identification of the genetic variants associated with calf survival in dairy cattle will aid in the elimination of harmful mutations from the cattle population and the reduction of calf and young stock mortality rates. We used de-regressed estimated breeding values for the young stock survival (YSS) index as response variables in a genome-wide association study with imputed whole-genome sequence variants. A total of 4,610 bulls with estimated breeding values were genotyped with the Illumina BovineSNP50 (Illumina, San Diego, CA) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping array. Genotypes were imputed to whole-genome sequence variants. After quality control, 15,419,550 SNP on 29 Bos taurus autosomes (BTA) were used for association analysis. A modified mixed-model association analysis was used for a genome scan, followed by a linear mixed-model analysis for selected genetic variants. We identified 498 SNP on BTA5 and BTA18 that were associated with the YSS index in Nordic Holstein. The SNP rs440345507 (Chr5:94721790) on BTA5 was the putative causal mutation affecting YSS. Two haplotype-based models were used to identify haplotypes with the largest detrimental effects on YSS index. For each association signal, 1 haplotype region with harmful effects and the lead associated SNP were identified. Detected haplotypes on BTA5 and BTA18 explained 1.16 and 1.20%, respectively, of genetic variance for the YSS index. We examined whether YSS quantitative trait loci (QTL) on BTA5 and BTA18 were associated with stillbirth. YSS QTL on BTA18 overlapped a QTL region for stillbirth, but most likely 2 different causal variants were responsible for these 2 QTL. Four component traits of the YSS index, defined by sex and age, were analyzed separately by the modified mixed-model approach. The same genomic regions were associated with both bull and heifer calf mortality. Several genes (EPS8, LOC100138951, and KLK family genes) contained a lead associated SNP or were included in haplotypes with large detrimental effects on YSS in Nordic Holstein cattle.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Pages (from-to)6356-6370
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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  • Journal Article

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