Department of Management

Assessing self-regulation strategies: Development and validation of the tempest self-regulation questionnaire for eating (TESQ-E) in adolescents

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  • Emely de Vet, Utrecht University, Netherlands
  • Denise T. D. de Ridder, Utrecht University, Netherlands
  • Marijn Stok, Utrecht University, Netherlands
  • Karen Brunsø
  • Adriana Baban, Babes-Bolyai University, Romania
  • Tania Gaspar de Matos, Technical University of Lisboa, Portugal
Background: Applying self-regulation strategies have proven important in eating behaviors, but it remains subject to investigation what strategies adolescents report to use to ensure healthy eating, and adequate measures are lacking. Therefore, we developed and validated a self-regulation questionnaire applied to eating (TESQ-E) for adolescents.
Methods: Study 1 reports a four-step approach to develop the TESQ-E questionnaire (n = 1097). Study 2 was a cross-sectional survey among adolescents from nine European countries (n = 11,392) that assessed the TESQ-E, eating-related behaviors, dietary intake and background characteristics. In study 3, the TESQ-E was administered twice within four weeks to evaluate test-retest reliability (n = 140). Study 4 was a cross-sectional survey (n = 93) that
assessed the TESQ-E and related psychological constructs (e.g., motivation, autonomy, self-control). All participants were aged between 10 and 17 years.
Results: Study 1 resulted in a 24-item questionnaire assessing adolescent-reported use of six specific strategies for healthy eating that represent three general self-regulation approaches. Study 2 showed that the easy-to-administer
theory-based TESQ-E has a clear factor structure and good subscale reliabilities. The questionnaire was related to eating-related behaviors and dietary intake, indicating predictive validity. Study 3 showed good test-retest reliabilities
for the TESQ-E. Study 4 indicated that TESQ-E was related to but also distinguishable from general self-regulation and motivation measures.
Conclusions: The TESQ-E provides a reliable and valid measure to assess six theory-based self-regulation strategies that adolescents may use to ensure their healthy eating.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume11
Issue106
ISSN1479-5868
Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Research areas

  • Self-regulation, Temptations, Goals, Eating, Adolescence, Measurement, Questionnaire, Diet

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