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Artefacts at different distances from titanium and zirconia implants in cone-beam computed tomography: effect of tube current and metal artefact reduction

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  • Arthur Xavier Maseti Mancini, Universidade de Sao Paulo
  • ,
  • Matheus Urias Cruz Santos, Universidade de Sao Paulo
  • ,
  • Hugo Gaêta-Araujo, Universidade Estadual de Campinas
  • ,
  • Camila Tirapelli, Universidade de Sao Paulo
  • ,
  • Ruben Pauwels
  • Christiano Oliveira-Santos, Universidade de Sao Paulo

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) tube current (mA) on the magnitude of artefacts at different distances from titanium or zirconia implants, with and without activation of a proprietary metal artefact reduction (MAR). Material and methods: Human mandibles were scanned on an OP300 Maxio CBCT unit (Instrumentarium, Tuusula, Finland) before and after the installation of dental implants, with four different tube currents (4 mA, 6.3 mA, 8 mA and 10 mA), with and without activation of proprietary MAR. The effect of mA on the standard deviation (SD) of gray values and contrast to noise ratio (CNR) were assessed in regions of interest located 1.5 cm, 2.5 cm, and 3.5 cm from implants. Results: In the presence of titanium implants, a significant decrease in SD was found by increasing tube current from 4 mA to 6.3 mA or 8 mA. For zirconia implants, 8 mA yielded better results for all distances. MAR improved CNR in the presence of zirconia implants at all distances, whereas no differences were observed with the use of MAR for titanium implants. Conclusion: Increased tube current can improve overall image quality in the presence of implants, at all the distances tested. When a zirconia implant is present, such increase in mA should be higher in comparison to that for examinations with titanium implants. Activation of OP300 Maxio proprietary MAR improved image quality only among examinations with zirconia implants. Clinical relevance: Artefact-generating implants are common in the field of view of CBCT examinations. Optimal exposure parameters, such as tube current, ensure high image quality with lowest possible radiation exposure.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Oral Investigations
Pages (from-to)5087-5094
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH, DE part of Springer Nature.

    Research areas

  • Artefacts, Cone-beam computed tomography, Titanium implants, Tube current, Zirconia implants

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