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Are there personality differences between rural vs. Urban-living individuals of a specialist ground beetle, carabus convexus?

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  • Tibor Magura, University of Debrecen
  • ,
  • Szabolcs Mizser, University of Debrecen
  • ,
  • Roland Horváth, University of Debrecen
  • ,
  • Dávid D. Nagy, University of Debrecen
  • ,
  • Mária Tóth, University of Debrecen
  • ,
  • Réka Csicsek, University of Debrecen
  • ,
  • Gábor L. Lövei

The world-wide, rapid urbanization is leading to substantial changes in environmental and habitat conditions. These changes, as well as disturbances accompanying urbanization have consid-erable effects at various levels of the biological organization on wildlife. Understanding behavioral responses to such changes is essential for identifying which organisms may successfully adapt to the altered conditions. In this study, individuals of a forest specialist ground beetle, Carabus convexus, from rural and urban forest patches were tested for their exploratory and risk-taking behavior. Beetles responded consistently in the different contexts; furthermore, by behaving consistently over time, demonstrated that they had personalities. Agglomerative cluster analysis identified two groups of behavioral traits: the exploratory and the risk-taking dimension of personality. Urban females were significantly more exploratory than urban males which can be an adaptation to find high quality food needed to mature eggs in urban habitats, as well as to select favorable microsites for oviposition. Moreover, urban females and males showed more risk-taking behavior than rural females. Urban beetles with more risk-taking behavior may be better able to cope with frequent urbanization-driven disturbance events.

Original languageEnglish
Article number646
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

    Research areas

  • Carabid, Exploratory behavior, Human disturbance, Personality, Risk-taking behavior, Urbanization

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