Department of Economics and Business Economics

Are Survey Experiments as Valid as Field Experiments in Management Research? An Empirical Comparison using the Case of Ethnic Employment Discrimination

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Are Survey Experiments as Valid as Field Experiments in Management Research? An Empirical Comparison using the Case of Ethnic Employment Discrimination. / Wulff, Jesper; Villadsen, Anders Ryom.

In: European Management Review, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2020, p. 347-356.

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@article{bdc3b742bf2d48ed8099ce63aa4e3e08,
title = "Are Survey Experiments as Valid as Field Experiments in Management Research?: An Empirical Comparison using the Case of Ethnic Employment Discrimination",
abstract = "Field experiments have long been the gold standard in studies of organizational topics such as ethnic discrimination in recruitment. The recent use of survey experiments, also known as experimental vignettes, suggests that some researchers believe that survey experiments could be used as an alternative to field experiments. In this study we put this notion to the test. We perform a field experiment followed by two survey experiments on ethnic discrimination in recruitment. While the results of our field experiment are consistent with previous evidence on discrimination, one survey experiment concludes no difference between native and immigrant employees while another concludes positive discrimination. These results should invoke caution in researchers wanting to investigate organizational topics using survey experiments.",
keywords = "Research methods, discrimination, field experiment, survey experiment",
author = "Jesper Wulff and Villadsen, {Anders Ryom}",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1111/emre.12342",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "347--356",
journal = "European Management Review",
issn = "1740-4754",
publisher = "JohnWiley & Sons Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Are Survey Experiments as Valid as Field Experiments in Management Research?

T2 - An Empirical Comparison using the Case of Ethnic Employment Discrimination

AU - Wulff, Jesper

AU - Villadsen, Anders Ryom

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Field experiments have long been the gold standard in studies of organizational topics such as ethnic discrimination in recruitment. The recent use of survey experiments, also known as experimental vignettes, suggests that some researchers believe that survey experiments could be used as an alternative to field experiments. In this study we put this notion to the test. We perform a field experiment followed by two survey experiments on ethnic discrimination in recruitment. While the results of our field experiment are consistent with previous evidence on discrimination, one survey experiment concludes no difference between native and immigrant employees while another concludes positive discrimination. These results should invoke caution in researchers wanting to investigate organizational topics using survey experiments.

AB - Field experiments have long been the gold standard in studies of organizational topics such as ethnic discrimination in recruitment. The recent use of survey experiments, also known as experimental vignettes, suggests that some researchers believe that survey experiments could be used as an alternative to field experiments. In this study we put this notion to the test. We perform a field experiment followed by two survey experiments on ethnic discrimination in recruitment. While the results of our field experiment are consistent with previous evidence on discrimination, one survey experiment concludes no difference between native and immigrant employees while another concludes positive discrimination. These results should invoke caution in researchers wanting to investigate organizational topics using survey experiments.

KW - Research methods

KW - discrimination

KW - field experiment

KW - survey experiment

U2 - 10.1111/emre.12342

DO - 10.1111/emre.12342

M3 - Journal article

VL - 17

SP - 347

EP - 356

JO - European Management Review

JF - European Management Review

SN - 1740-4754

IS - 1

ER -