Application of an enzyme-linked immunoassay for the measurement of pregnancy zone protein (PZP) in cell culture supernatants and sera

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A simple and sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) measuring specifically the pregnancy zone protein (PZP) was constructed. The assay range was 2.0-500 micrograms/l. The intra-assay coefficient of variation (CV%) was 5.9% at the level of 100 micrograms/l and 3.5% at 10 micrograms/l. The imprecision between runs was 4.5% at 100 micrograms/l and 7.6% at 10 micrograms/l. Recovery of the native PZP standard added to serum-free cell culture medium was 98.1 +/- 3.7% (mean +/- SD), and recovery from serum of women in late pregnancy was 96.0 +/- 9.3%. Recovery from PZP-chymotrypsin (PZP-CT) complexes added to serum-free medium was 141 +/- 4.3%. There was no detectable cross-reactivity between the anti-human PZP antibody and human alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2-M). The dose-response of two PZP standards and the PZP serum concentrations of 100 blood donors were determined. Furthermore, the serum level of PZP from 11 patients suffering from IgA myeloma was quantitated and found within the normal range when compared to serum levels of healthy blood donors of the same age and sex. Finally, supernatants from serum-free cultures of different human peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBM) subpopulations were assayed. Neither of them were found to exhibit any detectable increase in PZP concentration during culture, but cultures of monocytes were found to produce alpha 2-M.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation
Pages (from-to)207-13
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1987

    Research areas

  • Blood, Cells, Cultured, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Female, Humans, Male, Monocytes, Peroxidases, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Proteins, alpha-Macroglobulins

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