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Antibacterial property testing of two species of tropical plant Lasianthus (Rubiaceae)

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  • Tiwtawat Napiroon, Thailand
  • Henrik Balslev
  • Sutee Duangjai, Thailand
  • Duangchai Sookchaloem, Thailand
  • Kongkanda Chayamarit, Thailand
  • Wichai Santemaleeworangun, Thailand
  • Srunya Vayrodaya, Thailand

Two tropical plant species, Lasianthus pilosus and Lasianthus stipularis are used in traditional medicine but there have been no published studies of the extracts of these plants against bacteria. In this study, we aimed to determine the antimicrobial activities of the above two plants against two gram-positive and seven gram-negative bacterial strains to determine the potential of these two plant species for possible antimicrobial drug development. The antibacterial activities of the lipophilic extracts of these plants were evaluated by disk diffusion and broth microdilution methods. The zone diameters and minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) for these plant extracts exhibited their highest antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, followed by Staphylococcus aureus and Acinetobacter baumannii, respectively. The MIC of these extracts against P. aeruginosa (ATCC 37166 and ATCC 27853) varied from 50 to 200 µg/ml. Thin layer chromatography and detection using different specific reagents revealed the presence of terpenoids, phenolic compounds and iridoid. Cell lysis due to the effect of the lipophilic extracts of these tested plants was demonstrated using scanning electron microscopy. In conclusion, the bioactive compounds of these plants should be studied further to develop potential antimicrobial agents.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSoutheast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Pages (from-to)117-123
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017

    Research areas

  • Lasianthus, medicinal plants, pathogenic bacteria

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