Annular Dynamics and Leaflet Geometry in Patch Reconstruction of the Posterior Mitral Leaflet After Adding a Flexible Annuloplasty Ring

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PURPOSE: Patch reconstruction of the posterior mitral leaflet using small intestinal submucosa extracellular matrix has been successfully performed in a porcine study. The patch reconstruction, however, resulted in non-physiological systolic widening of the mitral annulus, suggesting the need for an annuloplasty ring. The objective was to characterize the impact on annular dynamics and leaflet geometry of adding a flexible annuloplasty ring to the posterior mitral leaflet patch reconstruction.

METHODS: Measurements were performed in an acute 80-kg porcine model, with seven pigs acting as their own controls. The posterior mitral leaflet was reconstructed with a 2-ply small intestinal submucosa extracellular matrix patch (CorMatrix®). Additionally, a Simulus® Flexible Annuloplasty Ring (Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA) was inserted. Mitral annular dynamics were evaluated using sonomicrometry, and leaflet geometry was described using echocardiography.

RESULTS: The annuloplasty ring reduced mitral annular dimensions and restricted cyclic changes in mitral annular area (126 ± 19 vs. 30 ± 13 mm2, p < 0.001), septal-lateral and commisure-commisure distances. Ring annuloplasty prevented systolic widening in the mitral annulus after posterior mitral leaflet reconstruction. The annular saddle shape and leaflet coaptation length (8.7 ± 2.3 vs. 9.7 ± 1.3 mm, p = 0.221) were comparable before and after ring insertion.

CONCLUSIONS: The flexible annuloplasty ring resulted in a downsized annulus with restriction of cyclic annular changes in the reconstructed mitral valve. Ring insertion preserved the annular saddle shape and coaptation length. The ring annuloplasty counteracted the non-physiological annular dynamics, and this may improve durability of the posterior mitral leaflet patch reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCardiovascular Engineering and Technology
Pages (from-to)748-759
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

    Research areas

  • CorMatrix Tyke, Mitral annuloplasty ring, Mitral valve posterior leaflet reconstruction, Mitral valve repair, Simulus flexible ring

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