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Annual air temperature variability and biotic interactions explain tundra shrub species abundance

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Annual air temperature variability and biotic interactions explain tundra shrub species abundance. / von Oppen, Jonathan; Normand, Signe; Bjorkman, Anne D.; Blach-Overgaard, Anne; Assmann, Jakob Johann; Forchhammer, Mads C.; Guéguen, Maya; Nabe-Nielsen, Jacob.

In: Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 32, No. 2, e13009, 03.2021.

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@article{89030fa54e2b419d927591cd4ac9019b,
title = "Annual air temperature variability and biotic interactions explain tundra shrub species abundance",
abstract = "QuestionsShrub vegetation has been expanding across much of the rapidly changing Arctic. Yet, there is still uncertainty about the underlying drivers of shrub community composition. Here, we use extensive vegetation surveys and a trait‐based approach to answer the following questions: Which abiotic and biotic factors explain abundance of shrub species and functional groups in the Arctic tundra, and can we interpret these relationships using plant traits related to resource acquisition?LocationNuup Kangerlua (Godth{\aa}bsfjord), Western Greenland.MethodsWe tested the power of nine climatic, topographic and biotic variables to explain the abundances of nine shrub species using a Bayesian hierarchical modelling framework.ResultsWe found highly variable responses among species and functional groups to both abiotic and biotic environmental variation. The overall most important abiotic explanatory variable was annual air temperature variability, which was highly correlated with winter minimum air temperature. Functional community composition and graminoid abundance were the most influential biotic factors. While we did not find systematic patterns between shrub abundances and abiotic variables with regard to resource acquisition traits, these traits did explain relationships between shrub abundances and biotic variables.ConclusionsShrub abundance responses to abiotic variables rarely aligned with expectations based on plants{\textquoteright} resource acquisition traits or functional groups. Our results therefore indicate that approaches exclusively based on resource acquisition traits might be limited in their ability to predict abundances of individual groups and species, particularly in response to complex abiotic environments. However, integrating community theory and functional trait concepts represents a promising pathway to better predict biotic interactions and ultimately responses of dominant shrub vegetation to rapid environmental changes across the arctic tundra biome.",
keywords = "Arctic tundra, biotic interactions, gradient, moisture predictors, plant functional groups, plant functional traits, shrubs, species-specificity, temperature variability, vegetation change",
author = "{von Oppen}, Jonathan and Signe Normand and Bjorkman, {Anne D.} and Anne Blach-Overgaard and Assmann, {Jakob Johann} and Forchhammer, {Mads C.} and Maya Gu{\'e}guen and Jacob Nabe-Nielsen",
year = "2021",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1111/jvs.13009",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
journal = "Journal of Vegetation Science",
issn = "1100-9233",
publisher = "JohnWiley & Sons Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Annual air temperature variability and biotic interactions explain tundra shrub species abundance

AU - von Oppen, Jonathan

AU - Normand, Signe

AU - Bjorkman, Anne D.

AU - Blach-Overgaard, Anne

AU - Assmann, Jakob Johann

AU - Forchhammer, Mads C.

AU - Guéguen, Maya

AU - Nabe-Nielsen, Jacob

PY - 2021/3

Y1 - 2021/3

N2 - QuestionsShrub vegetation has been expanding across much of the rapidly changing Arctic. Yet, there is still uncertainty about the underlying drivers of shrub community composition. Here, we use extensive vegetation surveys and a trait‐based approach to answer the following questions: Which abiotic and biotic factors explain abundance of shrub species and functional groups in the Arctic tundra, and can we interpret these relationships using plant traits related to resource acquisition?LocationNuup Kangerlua (Godthåbsfjord), Western Greenland.MethodsWe tested the power of nine climatic, topographic and biotic variables to explain the abundances of nine shrub species using a Bayesian hierarchical modelling framework.ResultsWe found highly variable responses among species and functional groups to both abiotic and biotic environmental variation. The overall most important abiotic explanatory variable was annual air temperature variability, which was highly correlated with winter minimum air temperature. Functional community composition and graminoid abundance were the most influential biotic factors. While we did not find systematic patterns between shrub abundances and abiotic variables with regard to resource acquisition traits, these traits did explain relationships between shrub abundances and biotic variables.ConclusionsShrub abundance responses to abiotic variables rarely aligned with expectations based on plants’ resource acquisition traits or functional groups. Our results therefore indicate that approaches exclusively based on resource acquisition traits might be limited in their ability to predict abundances of individual groups and species, particularly in response to complex abiotic environments. However, integrating community theory and functional trait concepts represents a promising pathway to better predict biotic interactions and ultimately responses of dominant shrub vegetation to rapid environmental changes across the arctic tundra biome.

AB - QuestionsShrub vegetation has been expanding across much of the rapidly changing Arctic. Yet, there is still uncertainty about the underlying drivers of shrub community composition. Here, we use extensive vegetation surveys and a trait‐based approach to answer the following questions: Which abiotic and biotic factors explain abundance of shrub species and functional groups in the Arctic tundra, and can we interpret these relationships using plant traits related to resource acquisition?LocationNuup Kangerlua (Godthåbsfjord), Western Greenland.MethodsWe tested the power of nine climatic, topographic and biotic variables to explain the abundances of nine shrub species using a Bayesian hierarchical modelling framework.ResultsWe found highly variable responses among species and functional groups to both abiotic and biotic environmental variation. The overall most important abiotic explanatory variable was annual air temperature variability, which was highly correlated with winter minimum air temperature. Functional community composition and graminoid abundance were the most influential biotic factors. While we did not find systematic patterns between shrub abundances and abiotic variables with regard to resource acquisition traits, these traits did explain relationships between shrub abundances and biotic variables.ConclusionsShrub abundance responses to abiotic variables rarely aligned with expectations based on plants’ resource acquisition traits or functional groups. Our results therefore indicate that approaches exclusively based on resource acquisition traits might be limited in their ability to predict abundances of individual groups and species, particularly in response to complex abiotic environments. However, integrating community theory and functional trait concepts represents a promising pathway to better predict biotic interactions and ultimately responses of dominant shrub vegetation to rapid environmental changes across the arctic tundra biome.

KW - Arctic tundra

KW - biotic interactions

KW - gradient

KW - moisture predictors

KW - plant functional groups

KW - plant functional traits

KW - shrubs

KW - species-specificity

KW - temperature variability

KW - vegetation change

U2 - 10.1111/jvs.13009

DO - 10.1111/jvs.13009

M3 - Journal article

VL - 32

JO - Journal of Vegetation Science

JF - Journal of Vegetation Science

SN - 1100-9233

IS - 2

M1 - e13009

ER -