Analyzing a Bose polaron across resonant interactions

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  • Luis Ardila, Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems
  • ,
  • Nils Byg Jørgensen
  • ,
  • Thomas Pohl
  • Stefano Giorgini, INO-CNR BEC Center and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit‘ di Trento, Italy
  • Georg Bruun
  • Jan Arlt

Recently, two independent experiments reported the observation of long-lived polarons in a Bose-Einstein condensate, providing an excellent setting to study the generic scenario of a mobile impurity interacting with a quantum reservoir. Here we expand the experimental analysis by disentangling the effects of trap inhomogeneities and the many-body continuum in one of these experiments. This makes it possible to extract the energy of the polaron at a well-defined density as a function of the interaction strength. Comparisons with quantum Monte Carlo as well as diagrammatic calculations show good agreement, and provide a more detailed picture of the polaron properties at stronger interactions than previously possible. Moreover, we develop a semiclassical theory for the motional dynamics and three-body loss of the polarons, which partly explains a previously unresolved discrepancy between theory and experimental observations for repulsive interactions. Finally, we utilize quantum Monte Carlo calculations to demonstrate that the findings reported in the two experiments are consistent with each other.

Original languageEnglish
Article number063607
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume99
Issue6
ISSN2469-9926
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

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