Department of Political Science

An Intra-Group Perspective on Leader Preferences: Different Risks of Exploitation Shape Preferences for Leader Facial Dominance

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An Intra-Group Perspective on Leader Preferences : Different Risks of Exploitation Shape Preferences for Leader Facial Dominance. / Bøggild, Troels; Laustsen, Lasse.

In: The Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 27, No. 6, 2016, p. 820-837.

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@article{646ffb6621ec42788e09d83401972340,
title = "An Intra-Group Perspective on Leader Preferences: Different Risks of Exploitation Shape Preferences for Leader Facial Dominance",
abstract = "This article argues that followers’ preferences for dominant leadership vary according to two types of exploitation risks from other individuals within the group. Previous work demonstrates that contexts of inter-group war and peace make followers prefer dominant- and non-dominant-looking leaders, respectively. We add an intra-group perspective to this literature. Four original studies demonstrate that contexts with high risks of free-riding and criminal behavior from other group members (i.e., horizontal exploitation) increase preferences for dominant-looking leaders, whereas contexts with high risks of unresponsive, self-interested behavior from leaders themselves (i.e., vertical exploitation) decrease preferences for dominant-looking leaders. Moreover, within this framework of intra-group exploitation risks we show that followers prefer leaders from another vis-{\`a}-vis their own ethnic coalition to look less dominant, and that this difference is driven by enhanced concerns for vertical exploitation from ethnically different leaders. The findings add new insights on appearance-based voting and electoral difficulties facing minority candidates.",
keywords = "Leader dominance, evolutionary psychology, appearance-based voting, coalitional psychology, minority political candidates, Ethnicity, political leaders",
author = "Troels B{\o}ggild and Lasse Laustsen",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1016/j.leaqua.2016.09.003",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "820--837",
journal = "Leadership Quarterly",
issn = "1048-9843",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - An Intra-Group Perspective on Leader Preferences

T2 - Different Risks of Exploitation Shape Preferences for Leader Facial Dominance

AU - Bøggild, Troels

AU - Laustsen, Lasse

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - This article argues that followers’ preferences for dominant leadership vary according to two types of exploitation risks from other individuals within the group. Previous work demonstrates that contexts of inter-group war and peace make followers prefer dominant- and non-dominant-looking leaders, respectively. We add an intra-group perspective to this literature. Four original studies demonstrate that contexts with high risks of free-riding and criminal behavior from other group members (i.e., horizontal exploitation) increase preferences for dominant-looking leaders, whereas contexts with high risks of unresponsive, self-interested behavior from leaders themselves (i.e., vertical exploitation) decrease preferences for dominant-looking leaders. Moreover, within this framework of intra-group exploitation risks we show that followers prefer leaders from another vis-à-vis their own ethnic coalition to look less dominant, and that this difference is driven by enhanced concerns for vertical exploitation from ethnically different leaders. The findings add new insights on appearance-based voting and electoral difficulties facing minority candidates.

AB - This article argues that followers’ preferences for dominant leadership vary according to two types of exploitation risks from other individuals within the group. Previous work demonstrates that contexts of inter-group war and peace make followers prefer dominant- and non-dominant-looking leaders, respectively. We add an intra-group perspective to this literature. Four original studies demonstrate that contexts with high risks of free-riding and criminal behavior from other group members (i.e., horizontal exploitation) increase preferences for dominant-looking leaders, whereas contexts with high risks of unresponsive, self-interested behavior from leaders themselves (i.e., vertical exploitation) decrease preferences for dominant-looking leaders. Moreover, within this framework of intra-group exploitation risks we show that followers prefer leaders from another vis-à-vis their own ethnic coalition to look less dominant, and that this difference is driven by enhanced concerns for vertical exploitation from ethnically different leaders. The findings add new insights on appearance-based voting and electoral difficulties facing minority candidates.

KW - Leader dominance

KW - evolutionary psychology

KW - appearance-based voting

KW - coalitional psychology

KW - minority political candidates

KW - Ethnicity

KW - political leaders

U2 - 10.1016/j.leaqua.2016.09.003

DO - 10.1016/j.leaqua.2016.09.003

M3 - Journal article

VL - 27

SP - 820

EP - 837

JO - Leadership Quarterly

JF - Leadership Quarterly

SN - 1048-9843

IS - 6

ER -