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An improved Lagrangian relaxation and dual ascent approach to facility location problems

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  • Kurt Jörnsten, Department of Finance and Management Science, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Bergen, Norway
  • Andreas Klose
The literature knows semi-Lagrangian relaxation as a particular way of applying Lagrangian relaxation to certain linear mixed integer programs such that no duality gap results. The resulting Lagrangian subproblem usually can substantially be reduced in size. The method may thus be more efficient in finding an optimal solution to a mixed integer program than a “solver” applied to the initial MIP formulation, provided that “small” optimal multiplier values can be found in a few iterations. Recently, a simplification of the semi-Lagrangian relaxation scheme has been suggested in the literature. This “simplified” approach is actually to apply ordinary Lagrangian relaxation to a reformulated problem and still does not show a duality gap, but the Lagrangian dual reduces to a one-dimensional optimization problem. The expense of this simplification is, however, that the Lagrangian subproblem usually can not be reduced to the same extent as in the case of ordinary semi-Lagrangian relaxation. Hence, an effective method for optimizing the Lagrangian dual function is of utmost importance for obtaining a computational advantage from the simplified Lagrangian dual function. In this paper, we suggest a new dual ascent method for optimizing both the semi-Lagrangian dual function as well as its simplified form for the case of a generic discrete facility location problem and apply the method to the uncapacitated facility location problem. Our computational results show that the method generally only requires a very few iterations for computing optimal multipliers. Moreover, we give an interesting economic interpretation of the semi-Lagrangian multiplier(s).
Original languageEnglish
JournalComputational Management Science
Pages (from-to)317-348
Number of pages32
Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Research areas

  • Mixed integer programming , Lagrangian relaxation, Semi-Lagrangian relaxation, Facility location, Uncapacitated facility location problem

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