Department of Economics and Business Economics

Alcohol-attributed disease burden in four Nordic countries between 2000 and 2017: Are the gender gaps narrowing? A comparison using the Global Burden of Disease, Injury and Risk Factor 2017 study

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

DOI

  • Emilie E Agardh, Karolinska Univ Hosp, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital
  • ,
  • Peter Allebeck, Karolinska Univ Hosp, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital
  • ,
  • Pär Flodin, Karolinska Univ Hosp, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital
  • ,
  • Peter Wennberg, Stockholm Univ, Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Ctr
  • ,
  • Mats Ramstedt, Karolinska Univ Hosp, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital
  • ,
  • Ann Kristin Knudsen, The Norwegian Institute of Public Health
  • ,
  • Simon Øverland, The Norwegian Institute of Public Health
  • ,
  • Jonas Minet Kinge, The Norwegian Institute of Public Health
  • ,
  • Mette C Tollånes, Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of North Norway and the Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
  • ,
  • Terje A Eikemo, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)
  • ,
  • Jens Christoffer Skogen, Norwegian Institute of Public Health
  • ,
  • Pia Mäkelä, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare
  • ,
  • Mika Gissler, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare
  • ,
  • Knud Juel, Univ Southern Denmark, University of Southern Denmark
  • ,
  • Kim Moesgaard Iburg
  • John J McGrath
  • Mohsen Naghavi, Univ Washington, University of Washington, University of Washington Seattle, University of Washington Tacoma, Dept Biol Oceanog
  • ,
  • Stein Emil Vollset, Univ Washington, University of Washington, University of Washington Seattle, University of Washington Tacoma, Dept Biol Oceanog
  • ,
  • Emmanuela Gakidou, Univ Washington, University of Washington, University of Washington Seattle, University of Washington Tacoma, Dept Biol Oceanog
  • ,
  • Anna-Karin Danielsson, Karolinska Univ Hosp, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The gender difference in alcohol use seems to have narrowed in the Nordic countries, but it is not clear to what extent this may have affected differences in levels of harm. We compared gender differences in all-cause and cause-specific alcohol-attributed disease burden, as measured by disability-adjusted life-years (DALY), in four Nordic countries in 2000-2017, to find out if gender gaps in DALYs had narrowed.

DESIGN AND METHODS: Alcohol-attributed disease burden by DALYs per 100 000 population with 95% uncertainty intervals were extracted from the Global Burden of Disease database.

RESULTS: In 2017, all-cause DALYs in males varied between 2531 in Finland and 976 in Norway, and in females between 620 in Denmark and 270 in Norway. Finland had the largest gender differences and Norway the smallest, closely followed by Sweden. During 2000-2017, absolute gender differences in all-cause DALYs declined by 31% in Denmark, 26% in Finland, 19% in Sweden and 18% in Norway. In Finland, this was driven by a larger relative decline in males than females; in Norway, it was due to increased burden in females. In Denmark, the burden in females declined slightly more than in males, in relative terms, while in Sweden the relative decline was similar in males and females.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: The gender gaps in harm narrowed to a different extent in the Nordic countries, with the differences driven by different conditions. Findings are informative about how inequality, policy and sociocultural differences affect levels of harm by gender.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDrug and Alcohol Review
Volume40
Issue3
Pages (from-to)431-442
Number of pages12
ISSN0959-5236
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

    Research areas

  • Nordic countries, alcohol, disease burden, global burden of disease

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