Advances in Aquaporin-2 trafficking mechanisms and their implications for treatment of water balance disorders

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In mammals, conservation of body water is critical for survival and is dependent on the kidneys ability to minimize water loss in the urine during periods of water deprivation. The collecting duct water channel aquaporin-2 (AQP2) plays an essential role in this homeostatic response by facilitating water reabsorption along osmotic gradients. The ability to increase the levels of AQP2 in the apical plasma membrane following an increase in plasma osmolality is a rate-limiting step in water reabsorption, a process that is tightly regulated by the antidiuretic hormone arginine vasopressin (AVP). In this review, the focus is on the role of the carboxyl-terminus of AQP2 as a key regulatory point for AQP2 trafficking. We provide an overview of AQP2 structure, disease-causing mutations in the AQP2 carboxyl-terminus, the role of post-translational modifications such as phosphorylation and ubiquitylation in the tail domain, and their implications for balanced trafficking of AQP2. Finally, we discuss how various modifications of the AQP2 tail facilitate selective protein:protein interactions that modulate the AQP2 trafficking mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican journal of physiology. Cell physiology
Pages (from-to)C1-C10
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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