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Adsorption of azo dyes by a novel bio-nanocomposite based on whey protein nanofibrils and nano-clay: Equilibrium isotherm and kinetic modeling

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  • Shabboo Rahimi Aqdam, National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Iran
  • ,
  • Daniel E. Otzen
  • Niyaz Mohammad Mahmoodi, Ministry of Science, Research and Technology Islamic Republic of Iran
  • ,
  • Dina Morshedi, National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Iran

Excessive discharge of synthetic azo dyes into the aquatic ecosystem is a global concern. Here, we develop a green approach to remediate dye pollutants by fabricating an easily separable bio-nanocomposite, based on nanofibrils from whey protein concentrate together with montmorillonite. The nanocomposite was characterized using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and surface area analysis. Nanofibrils lead to a uniform dispersion of montmorillonite in the matrix and also reinforce the nanocomposite. The adsorption efficacy was monitored using cationic (Chrysoidine-G, Bismarck brown-R), reactive (reactive black-5, reactive orange-16), acidic (acid red-88, acid red-114) and direct (direct violet-51, Congo red) dyes. The nanocomposite adsorbed different dyes with different kinetics, cationic dyes quicker and reactive dyes slower. Greater than 93% of Chrysoidine-G was adsorbed over a wide range of dye concentration and pH. Acidic pH and higher temperature are more favorable for the process. Equilibrium adsorption data were reasonably fitted with a linear (Nernst) isotherm model indicating the existence of an unlimited number of adsorption sites which is consistent with the high experimental uptake of 731 mg/g. Kinetic data were well-described by pseudo-second-order and intra-particle diffusion models. We conclude that this environmentally friendly nanocomposite has good potential for use in wastewater treatment and related purposes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Pages (from-to)490-503
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Inc.

    Research areas

  • Chrysoidine, Dye pollution, Montmorillonite, Protein-based nanocomposite, Wastewater remediation, Whey protein concentrate (WPC)

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