Adipose tissue arachidonic acid content is associated with the risk of myocardial infarction: A Danish case-cohort study

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  • Michael René Skjelbo Nielsen
  • ,
  • Erik Berg Schmidt, Denmark
  • Jakob Stegger, Denmark
  • Anders Gorst-Rasmussen, Denmark
  • Anne Tjønneland, SUND ph.d. skole, Denmark
  • Kim Overvad
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the study was to evaluate the association between adipose tissue arachidonic acid (AA) content and the risk of myocardial infarction (MI). The secondary aim was to assess the correlation between adipose tissue AA and dietary intake of AA and linoleic acid (LA). METHODS: We conducted a case-cohort study nested within the Danish prospective Diet, Cancer and Health (DCH) study. After appropriate exclusions, the study included 2134 incident MI cases. Gluteal adipose tissue biopsies were collected at recruitment, and the fatty acid composition was determined by gas chromatography. A weighted Cox proportional hazards model was used to evaluate the association between adipose tissue AA content and the risk of MI. RESULTS: After adjusting for confounders we found a positive association between adipose tissue AA content and the risk of MI. Hazard ratios (HR) of MI relative to the lowest quintile of adipose tissue AA content, increased across quintiles; second quintile (HR 1.19 95%CI: 0.97-1.45), third (HR 1.24 95%CI: 1.02-1.52), fourth (HR 1.28 95%CI: 1.03-1.60), and fifth quintile (HR 1.39 95%CI: 1.10-1.77). Adipose tissue AA levels were not correlated with dietary intake of AA (r=0.03, 95%CI: -0.01, 0.06) and weakly negatively correlated with dietary intake of LA (r=-0.12, 95%CI: -0.15, -0.08). CONCLUSIONS: The adipose tissue content of AA was positively associated with the risk of MI but did not correlate with dietary intake of neither AA nor LA.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume227
Issue2
Pages (from-to)386-90
Number of pages5
ISSN0021-9150
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

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