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AdaM: Adapting Multi-User Interfaces for Collaborative Environments in Real-Time

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


  • Seonwook Park, Switzerland
  • Christoph Gebhardt, Switzerland
  • Roman Rädle
  • ,
  • Anna Maria Feit, Finland
  • Hana Vrzakova, Finland
  • Niraj Dayama, Finland
  • Hui-Shyong Yeo, United Kingdom
  • Clemens Nylandsted Klokmose
  • Aaron Quigley, United Kingdom
  • Antti Oulasvirta, Finland
  • Otmar Hilliges, Switzerland
Developing cross-device multi-user interfaces (UIs) is a challenging problem. There are numerous ways in which content and interactivity can be distributed. However, good solutions must consider multiple users, their roles, their preferences and access rights, as well as device capabilities. Manual and rule-based solutions are tedious to create and do not scale to larger problems nor do they adapt to dynamic changes, such as users leaving or joining an activity. In this paper, we cast the problem of UI distribution as an assignment problem and propose to solve it using combinatorial optimization. We present a mixed integer programming formulation which allows real-time applications in dynamically changing collaborative settings. It optimizes the allocation of UI elements based on device capabilities, user roles, preferences, and access rights. We present a proof-of-concept designer-in-the-loop tool, allowing for quick solution exploration. Finally, we compare our approach to traditional paper prototyping in a lab study.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCHI 2018 - Extended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems : Engage with CHI
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Publication year2018
Article number184
ISBN (Electronic)9781450356206, 9781450356213
Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Research areas

  • Cross-device interaction, Distributed user interface, Optimization, UI adaptation

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