Adalimumab in the treatment of chronic pouchitis. A randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

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  • Mie Dilling Kjær, Odense Universitetshospital
  • ,
  • Niels Qvist, Odense Universitetshospital
  • ,
  • Inge Nordgaard-Lassen, Hvidovre Universitets Hospital, Hvidovre
  • ,
  • Lisbet Ambrosius Christensen
  • Jens Kjeldsen, Odense Universitetshospital

Background: Pouchitis is a complication of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis and occurs in up to 50% of patients 10 years after IPAA with 10% developing refractory pouchitis. Objective: To evaluate the effect of a TNF-α inhibitor (Adalimumab) in the treatment of refractory pouchitis. Materials and methods: A multicenter, randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial includes patients with refractory pouchitis for more than 4 weeks despite antibiotic treatment. Patients were randomized to Adalimumab or placebo for 12 weeks. Primary outcome was reduction in clinical pouchitis disease activity index (PDAI) of ≥2 at any time. Secondary endpoints were remission of pouchitis, endoscopic and histologic effect and quality of life. Results: Thirteen patients were included; six patients received active treatment and seven patients received placebo. Nine patients (5/4, Adalimumab/placebo) completed the 12-week program. Reduction in clinical PDAI ≥ 2 was achieved in three patients in each group (50%/43%, Adalimumab/placebo, p >.5). Total PDAI improved in six patients treated with Adalimumab and two patients on placebo (100%/29%, p =.13). There were no differences in secondary endpoints between the groups. Conclusions: In this randomized controlled trial of treatment with Adalimumab in patients with refractory pouchitis, we were not able to identify any clinical benefit in the primary or secondary endpoints.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume54
Issue2
Pages (from-to)188-193
Number of pages6
ISSN0036-5521
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

    Research areas

  • Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis, inflammatory bowel disease, pouchitis, TNF-α inhibitor, ulcerative colitis

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