Active and diverse viruses persist in the deep sub-seafloor sediments over thousands of years

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Active and diverse viruses persist in the deep sub-seafloor sediments over thousands of years. / Cai, Lanlan; Jørgensen, Bo B.; Suttle, Curtis A.; He, Maoqiu; Cragg, Barry A.; Jiao, Nianzhi; Zhang, Rui.

In: ISME Journal, Vol. 13, 07.2019, p. 1857-1864.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Cai, L, Jørgensen, BB, Suttle, CA, He, M, Cragg, BA, Jiao, N & Zhang, R 2019, 'Active and diverse viruses persist in the deep sub-seafloor sediments over thousands of years', ISME Journal, vol. 13, pp. 1857-1864. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41396-019-0397-9

APA

Cai, L., Jørgensen, B. B., Suttle, C. A., He, M., Cragg, B. A., Jiao, N., & Zhang, R. (2019). Active and diverse viruses persist in the deep sub-seafloor sediments over thousands of years. ISME Journal, 13, 1857-1864. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41396-019-0397-9

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Author

Cai, Lanlan ; Jørgensen, Bo B. ; Suttle, Curtis A. ; He, Maoqiu ; Cragg, Barry A. ; Jiao, Nianzhi ; Zhang, Rui. / Active and diverse viruses persist in the deep sub-seafloor sediments over thousands of years. In: ISME Journal. 2019 ; Vol. 13. pp. 1857-1864.

Bibtex

@article{bb5fe82bba3b46408f4c1287cdae36e0,
title = "Active and diverse viruses persist in the deep sub-seafloor sediments over thousands of years",
abstract = "Viruses are ubiquitous and cause significant mortality in marine bacterial and archaeal communities. Little is known about the role of viruses in the sub-seafloor biosphere, which hosts a large fraction of all microbes on Earth. We quantified and characterized viruses in sediments from the Baltic Sea. The results show that the Baltic Sea sub-seafloor biosphere harbors highly abundant viruses with densities up to 1.8 × 1010 viruses cm−3. High potential viral production down to 37 meters below seafloor in ca. 6000-years-old sediments and infected prokaryotic cells visible by transmission electron microscopy demonstrate active viral infection. Morphological and molecular data indicate that the highly diverse community of viruses includes both allochthonous input from the overlying seawater and autochthonous production. The detection of cyanophage-like sequences showed that viruses of phototrophic hosts may persist in marine sediments for thousands of years. Our results imply that viruses influence sub-seafloor microbial community dynamics and thereby affect biogeochemical processes in the sub-seafloor biosphere.",
author = "Lanlan Cai and J{\o}rgensen, {Bo B.} and Suttle, {Curtis A.} and Maoqiu He and Cragg, {Barry A.} and Nianzhi Jiao and Rui Zhang",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1038/s41396-019-0397-9",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "1857--1864",
journal = "I S M E Journal",
issn = "1751-7362",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Active and diverse viruses persist in the deep sub-seafloor sediments over thousands of years

AU - Cai, Lanlan

AU - Jørgensen, Bo B.

AU - Suttle, Curtis A.

AU - He, Maoqiu

AU - Cragg, Barry A.

AU - Jiao, Nianzhi

AU - Zhang, Rui

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

N2 - Viruses are ubiquitous and cause significant mortality in marine bacterial and archaeal communities. Little is known about the role of viruses in the sub-seafloor biosphere, which hosts a large fraction of all microbes on Earth. We quantified and characterized viruses in sediments from the Baltic Sea. The results show that the Baltic Sea sub-seafloor biosphere harbors highly abundant viruses with densities up to 1.8 × 1010 viruses cm−3. High potential viral production down to 37 meters below seafloor in ca. 6000-years-old sediments and infected prokaryotic cells visible by transmission electron microscopy demonstrate active viral infection. Morphological and molecular data indicate that the highly diverse community of viruses includes both allochthonous input from the overlying seawater and autochthonous production. The detection of cyanophage-like sequences showed that viruses of phototrophic hosts may persist in marine sediments for thousands of years. Our results imply that viruses influence sub-seafloor microbial community dynamics and thereby affect biogeochemical processes in the sub-seafloor biosphere.

AB - Viruses are ubiquitous and cause significant mortality in marine bacterial and archaeal communities. Little is known about the role of viruses in the sub-seafloor biosphere, which hosts a large fraction of all microbes on Earth. We quantified and characterized viruses in sediments from the Baltic Sea. The results show that the Baltic Sea sub-seafloor biosphere harbors highly abundant viruses with densities up to 1.8 × 1010 viruses cm−3. High potential viral production down to 37 meters below seafloor in ca. 6000-years-old sediments and infected prokaryotic cells visible by transmission electron microscopy demonstrate active viral infection. Morphological and molecular data indicate that the highly diverse community of viruses includes both allochthonous input from the overlying seawater and autochthonous production. The detection of cyanophage-like sequences showed that viruses of phototrophic hosts may persist in marine sediments for thousands of years. Our results imply that viruses influence sub-seafloor microbial community dynamics and thereby affect biogeochemical processes in the sub-seafloor biosphere.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063050802&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41396-019-0397-9

DO - 10.1038/s41396-019-0397-9

M3 - Journal article

VL - 13

SP - 1857

EP - 1864

JO - I S M E Journal

JF - I S M E Journal

SN - 1751-7362

ER -