Regulation of voltage-gated sodium channels is crucial to firing patterns that constitute the output of medium spiny neurons (MSN), projecting neurons of the striatum. This modulation is thus critical for the final integration of information processed within the striatum. It has been shown that the adenylate cyclase pathway reduces sodium currents in MSN through channel phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase. However, it is unknown whether a phospholipase C (PLC)-mediated signaling cascade could also modulate voltage-gated sodium channels within MSN. Using the whole-cell patch clamp technique, we investigated the effects of activation of two key components in PLC-mediated signaling cascades: protein kinase C (PKC) and inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate (IP 3) receptors on voltage-dependent sodium current. Cellular dialysis with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, an activator of PKC, significantly reduced peak sodium current amplitude, while adenophostin A, an activator of IP 3 receptors, significantly increased peak sodium current amplitude. This effect of adenophostin was abolished by calcium chelation or by FK506, an inhibitor of calcineurin. These results suggest an antagonistic role of PKC and IP3 in the modulation of striatal voltage-gated sodium channels, peak current amplitude being decreased through phosphorylation by PKC and increased through dephosphorylation by calcineurin.
- Voltage-dependent sodium channel