Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in a rural adult population in Southern Thailand.

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  • Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine
  • Department of Anatomy
  • Department of Oral Epidemiology and Public Health
The prevalence of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans isolates was examined in a rural population of southern Thailand. Sixty individuals aged 30-39 and 50-59 years were randomly selected from a group of 363 persons, living in four villages, who had been clinically examined previously. A subgingival plaque sample was taken with a curette from the mesial aspect of the two upper and lower first molars. Each sample was dispersed in 3.3 ml of VMGA III transport medium and spread onto Trypticase Soy Broth with Bacitracin and Vancomycin (TSBV)-agar plates on the same day. After incubation in 10% CO2 for 5 days the plates were examined for typical A. actinomycetemcomitans colonies which were tested for catalase activity. Each strain was further tested for biochemical characteristics, serotyped against serotype-specific antisera a-e and ribotyped after DNA digestion using the restriction endonucleases HindIII and EcoRI. For 53 (88%) of the 60 individuals, A. actinomycetemcomitans was present in at least one subgingival sample, which is considerably higher than the prevalence in Western European adults. In 11 individuals, two or three different strains were found. Serotypes a and c were the most prevalent, and serotype b was found only once among 46 tested isolates. Eleven ribotypes were found among the 46 strains. While the same ribotype could be found among individuals of the same village, no ribotype of A. actinomycetemcomitans was unique for individuals of any one village. The study demonstrated a high prevalence of A. actinomycetemcomitans among adults of the rural population of southern Thailand and indicates that this species is present as part of the resident oral flora in this population.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOral Microbiology and Immunology
Pages (from-to)137-42
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Research areas

  • Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Adult, Capnocytophaga, Catalase, Dental Calculus, Dental Plaque, Female, Genotype, Gingival Hemorrhage, Haemophilus, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Molar, Neisseria, Periodontal Attachment Loss, Ribotyping, Rural Population, Serotyping, Thailand

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