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A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Nature-Based Mindfulness: Effects of Moving Mindfulness Training into an Outdoor Natural Setting

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A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Nature-Based Mindfulness : Effects of Moving Mindfulness Training into an Outdoor Natural Setting. / Djernis, Dorthe; Lerstrup, Inger; Poulsen, Dorthe ; Stigsdottir, Ulrika; Dahlgaard, Jesper; O'Toole, Mia Skytte.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 16, No. 17, 3202, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Djernis, D, Lerstrup, I, Poulsen, D, Stigsdottir, U, Dahlgaard, J & O'Toole, MS 2019, 'A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Nature-Based Mindfulness: Effects of Moving Mindfulness Training into an Outdoor Natural Setting', International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 16, no. 17, 3202. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16173202

APA

Djernis, D., Lerstrup, I., Poulsen, D., Stigsdottir, U., Dahlgaard, J., & O'Toole, M. S. (2019). A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Nature-Based Mindfulness: Effects of Moving Mindfulness Training into an Outdoor Natural Setting. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(17), [3202]. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16173202

CBE

Djernis D, Lerstrup I, Poulsen D, Stigsdottir U, Dahlgaard J, O'Toole MS. 2019. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Nature-Based Mindfulness: Effects of Moving Mindfulness Training into an Outdoor Natural Setting. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 16(17):Article 3202. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16173202

MLA

Vancouver

Djernis D, Lerstrup I, Poulsen D, Stigsdottir U, Dahlgaard J, O'Toole MS. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Nature-Based Mindfulness: Effects of Moving Mindfulness Training into an Outdoor Natural Setting. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019;16(17). 3202. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16173202

Author

Djernis, Dorthe ; Lerstrup, Inger ; Poulsen, Dorthe ; Stigsdottir, Ulrika ; Dahlgaard, Jesper ; O'Toole, Mia Skytte. / A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Nature-Based Mindfulness : Effects of Moving Mindfulness Training into an Outdoor Natural Setting. In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019 ; Vol. 16, No. 17.

Bibtex

@article{37e24b83959d4a66b7ca99080fe3b41d,
title = "A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Nature-Based Mindfulness: Effects of Moving Mindfulness Training into an Outdoor Natural Setting",
abstract = "Research has proven that both mindfulness training and exposure to nature have positive health effects. The purpose of this study was to systematically review quantitative studies of mindfulness interventions conducted in nature (nature-based mindfulness), and to analyze the effects through meta-analyses. Electronic searches revealed a total of 25 studies to be included, examining 2990 participants. Three analyses were conducted: Nature-based mindfulness interventions evaluated as open trials (k = 13), nature-based mindfulness compared with groups in non-active control conditions (k = 5), and nature-based mindfulness compared with similar interventions but without contact with nature (k = 7). The overall combined psychological, physiological, and interpersonal effects from pre- to post-intervention were statistically significant and of medium size ( g = 0.54, p < 0.001). Moderation analyses showed that natural environments characterized as forests/wild nature obtained larger numerical effects than environments characterized as gardens/parks, as did informal mindfulness compared with formal mindfulness. The small number of studies included, as well as the heterogeneity and generally low quality of the studies, must be taken into consideration when the results are interpreted. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42017065639. ",
author = "Dorthe Djernis and Inger Lerstrup and Dorthe Poulsen and Ulrika Stigsdottir and Jesper Dahlgaard and O'Toole, {Mia Skytte}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.3390/ijerph16173202",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health",
issn = "1661-7827",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "17",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Nature-Based Mindfulness

T2 - Effects of Moving Mindfulness Training into an Outdoor Natural Setting

AU - Djernis, Dorthe

AU - Lerstrup, Inger

AU - Poulsen, Dorthe

AU - Stigsdottir, Ulrika

AU - Dahlgaard, Jesper

AU - O'Toole, Mia Skytte

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Research has proven that both mindfulness training and exposure to nature have positive health effects. The purpose of this study was to systematically review quantitative studies of mindfulness interventions conducted in nature (nature-based mindfulness), and to analyze the effects through meta-analyses. Electronic searches revealed a total of 25 studies to be included, examining 2990 participants. Three analyses were conducted: Nature-based mindfulness interventions evaluated as open trials (k = 13), nature-based mindfulness compared with groups in non-active control conditions (k = 5), and nature-based mindfulness compared with similar interventions but without contact with nature (k = 7). The overall combined psychological, physiological, and interpersonal effects from pre- to post-intervention were statistically significant and of medium size ( g = 0.54, p < 0.001). Moderation analyses showed that natural environments characterized as forests/wild nature obtained larger numerical effects than environments characterized as gardens/parks, as did informal mindfulness compared with formal mindfulness. The small number of studies included, as well as the heterogeneity and generally low quality of the studies, must be taken into consideration when the results are interpreted. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42017065639.

AB - Research has proven that both mindfulness training and exposure to nature have positive health effects. The purpose of this study was to systematically review quantitative studies of mindfulness interventions conducted in nature (nature-based mindfulness), and to analyze the effects through meta-analyses. Electronic searches revealed a total of 25 studies to be included, examining 2990 participants. Three analyses were conducted: Nature-based mindfulness interventions evaluated as open trials (k = 13), nature-based mindfulness compared with groups in non-active control conditions (k = 5), and nature-based mindfulness compared with similar interventions but without contact with nature (k = 7). The overall combined psychological, physiological, and interpersonal effects from pre- to post-intervention were statistically significant and of medium size ( g = 0.54, p < 0.001). Moderation analyses showed that natural environments characterized as forests/wild nature obtained larger numerical effects than environments characterized as gardens/parks, as did informal mindfulness compared with formal mindfulness. The small number of studies included, as well as the heterogeneity and generally low quality of the studies, must be taken into consideration when the results are interpreted. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42017065639.

U2 - 10.3390/ijerph16173202

DO - 10.3390/ijerph16173202

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31480748

VL - 16

JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

SN - 1661-7827

IS - 17

M1 - 3202

ER -