A social negotiation of hope: Male West African youth, ‘waithood’ and the pursuit of social becoming through football

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  • Christian Ungruhe
  • ,
  • James Esson, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
This article examines the present-day perception among boys and young men in
West Africa that migration through football offers a way of achieving social standing and improving their life chances. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork among footballers in urban southern Ghana between 2010 and 2016, we argue that young people’s efforts to make it abroad and “become a somebody” through football is not merely an individual fantasy; it is rather a social negotiation of hope to overcome widespread social immobility in the region. It is this collective practice among a large cohort of young males—realistic or not—which qualifies conceptualizations of youth transitions such as waithood that dominate academic understanding of African youth today.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBoyhood Studies
Pages (from-to)22-43
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

    Research areas

  • Ghana, masculinity, migration, social mobility, youth transitions

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