A Smooth Nonparametric, Multivariate, Mixed-Data Location-Scale Test

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A number of tests have been proposed for assessing the location-scale assumption that is often invoked by practitioners. Existing approaches include Kolmogorov–Smirnov and Cramer–von Mises statistics that each involve measures of divergence between unknown joint distribution functions and products of marginal distributions. In practice, the unknown distribution functions embedded in these statistics are typically approximated using nonsmooth empirical distribution functions (EDFs). In a recent article, Li, Li, and Racine establish the benefits of smoothing the EDF for inference, though their theoretical results are limited to the case where the covariates are observed and the distributions unobserved, while in the current setting some covariates and their distributions are unobserved (i.e., the test relies on population error terms from a location-scale model) which necessarily involves a separate theoretical approach. We demonstrate how replacing the nonsmooth distributions of unobservables with their kernel-smoothed sample counterparts can lead to substantial power improvements, and extend existing approaches to the smooth multivariate and mixed continuous and discrete data setting in the presence of unobservables. Theoretical underpinnings are provided, Monte Carlo simulations are undertaken to assess finite-sample performance, and illustrative applications are provided.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Business and Economic Statistics
Volume38
Issue4
Pages (from-to)784-795
Number of pages12
ISSN0735-0015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • Inference, Kernel smoothing, Kolmogorov–Smirnov, BOOTSTRAP, STATISTICS, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, OF-FIT TESTS, BANDWIDTH SELECTION

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