A Simplified Microgrid Architecture with Reduced Number of Measurement Units

Prashant Pant, Federico Ibanez, Petr Vorobev, Thomas Hamacher, Vedran Peric

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This paper proposes a simplified central-controller based microgrid architecture that eliminates the need for local measurements traditionally required for inverter synchronization and control. This architecture reduces overall number of required measurements in microgrids and consequently the cost of the system. The architecture relies upon state-estimation (performed at the central-controller) and GPS time-synchronization (at the local controller). Local controllers receive voltage/current reference from the central-controller, thus eliminating the need of sensors, analog to digital cards and processors at the inverter level. The proposed architecture is validated through the real time simulations using Typhoon HIL. The results show that the inverters, which operate without the local measurements according to the proposed architecture, have comparatively sluggish response. This represents a trade-off between the cost saving due to eliminated measurements and overall dynamic performance of the microgrid. Further, this indicates that smaller inverters which do not impact the microgrid stability are good candidates to be operated without local measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2022 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, ISGT-Europe 2022
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Publication date2022
ISBN (Electronic)9781665480321
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes
Event2022 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, ISGT-Europe 2022 - Novi Sad, Serbia
Duration: 10 Oct 202212 Oct 2022

Conference

Conference2022 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, ISGT-Europe 2022
Country/TerritorySerbia
CityNovi Sad
Period10/10/202212/10/2022
SeriesIEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe
Volume2022-October

Keywords

  • GPS synchronization
  • inverter measurements
  • microgrid architecture
  • state-estimation

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