A simple calibration routine for small inorganic scintillation detectors for in vivo dosimetry during brachytherapy

Peter D. Georgi*, Erik B. Jørgensen, Marjolein Heidotting, Kari Tanderup, Gustavo Kertzscher, Jacob G. Johansen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review


BACKGROUND: In vivo dosimetry (IVD) is rarely performed in brachytherapy (BT), allowing potential dose misadministration to go unnoticed. This study presents a clinical routine-calibration method of detectors for IVD in high (HDR) and pulsed dose rate (PDR) Ir-192 BT. PURPOSE: To evaluate the dosimetric precision and feasibility of an in-clinic calibration routine of detectors for IVD in afterloading BT. METHODS: Calibrations were performed in a PMMA phantom with two needles inserted 20 mm apart. The source was loaded in one of the needles at 15 dwells for 10 s. The detector was placed in the other needle, and its signal was recorded. The mean signal at each dwell position was fitted to the expected dose rate with the calibration factor and the detector's longitudinal position being free parameters. The method was tested with an inorganic scintillation detector using one Ir-192 FlexiSource HDR and two Ir-192 GammaMedPlus PDR sources and followed by validation measurements in water. RESULTS: The standard measurement uncertainty (k = 1) of the calibration factor in absolute terms (Gy/s) was 3.2/3.4% for the HDR/PDR source. The uncertainty was dominated by source strength uncertainty, and the precision of the method was <1%. The mean ± 1SD of the difference in measured and expected dose rate during validation was 1.5 ± 4.7% (HDR) and 0.0 ± 4.1% (PDR) with a positional uncertainty in the setup of 0.33/0.23 mm (HDR/PDR) (k = 1). CONCLUSION: A precise and feasible in-clinic calibration method for IVD and source strength consistency tests in BT was presented.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024


  • High dose rate brachytherapy
  • In-vivo dosimetry
  • Inorganic scintillator
  • Pulsed dose rate brachytherapy


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