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A simple and robust serum-free media for the proliferation of muscle cells

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Cultivated meat production requires an efficient, robust and highly optimized serum-free cell culture media for the needed upscaling of muscle cell expansion. Existing formulations of serum-free media are complex, expensive and have not been optimized for muscle cells. Thus, we undertook this work to develop a simple and robust serum-free media for the proliferation of bovine satellite cells (SCs) through Design of Experiment (DOE) and Response Surface Methodology (RSM) using precise and high-throughput image-based cytometry. Proliferative attributes were investigated with transcriptomics and long-term performance was validated using multiple live assays. Here we formulated a media based on three highly optimized components; FGF2 (2 ng/mL), fetuin (600 µg/mL) and BSA (75 µg/mL) which together with an insulin-transferrin-selenium (1x) supplement, sustained the proliferation of bovine SCs, porcine SCs and murine C2C12 muscle cells. Remarkably, cells cultured in our media named Tri-basal 2.0+ performed better than cell cultured in 10% FBS, with respect to proliferation. Hence, the optimized Tri-basal 2.0+ enhanced serum-free cell attachment and long-term proliferation, providing an alternative solution to the use of FBS in the production of cultivated meat.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113194
JournalFood Research International
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors

    Research areas

  • Bovine satellite cells, Cultivated meat, Image-based cytometry, Serum-free media optimization, Transcriptomics

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