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A Second Look at Primary Generators

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

A Second Look at Primary Generators. / Biskjaer, Michael Mose; Christensen, Bo .

In: She Ji: The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2021, p. 7-23.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Biskjaer, MM & Christensen, B 2021, 'A Second Look at Primary Generators', She Ji: The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 7-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sheji.2020.08.007

APA

Biskjaer, M. M., & Christensen, B. (2021). A Second Look at Primary Generators. She Ji: The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation, 7(1), 7-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sheji.2020.08.007

CBE

Biskjaer MM, Christensen B. 2021. A Second Look at Primary Generators. She Ji: The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation. 7(1):7-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sheji.2020.08.007

MLA

Biskjaer, Michael Mose and Bo Christensen. "A Second Look at Primary Generators". She Ji: The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation. 2021, 7(1). 7-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sheji.2020.08.007

Vancouver

Biskjaer MM, Christensen B. A Second Look at Primary Generators. She Ji: The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation. 2021;7(1):7-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sheji.2020.08.007

Author

Biskjaer, Michael Mose ; Christensen, Bo . / A Second Look at Primary Generators. In: She Ji: The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation. 2021 ; Vol. 7, No. 1. pp. 7-23.

Bibtex

@article{625f67d8bc6542a99bc4c2373e4402e5,
title = "A Second Look at Primary Generators",
abstract = "Jane Darke{\textquoteright}s (1979) paper {\textquoteleft}The Primary Generator and the Design Process{\textquoteright} appeared in the first issue of the journal Design Studies. Over the course of the following four decades of design research, the paper has turned into a must-read classic. In a revaluation of subjectivity in design, Darke (1979) described the primary generator as an imposed focus on a limited set of – typically subjectively valued – constraints, and as a way in to the problem for the architect. We revisit Darke{\textquoteright}s paper to illustrate how the primary generator concept may be read as either a random starting point within a subset of constraints to be iteratively adjusted, or as a subjectively valued organizing principle that drives the design process. It may also be read as either a liberating force of subjective creative freedom, or as a subjective source of bias and fixation that the architect may be unwilling or unable to later escape. Darke herself held both these positions across time. Her ideas on the malleability of the design space and the very initiation of the creative design process by imposition of constraints have been critical in the evolution of constraint research, which denotes a rich strand of interdisciplinary design research.",
keywords = "Primary generator, constraints, architecture, prestructuring, design process",
author = "Biskjaer, {Michael Mose} and Bo Christensen",
year = "2021",
doi = "10.1016/j.sheji.2020.08.007",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "7--23",
journal = "She Ji: The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation",
issn = "2405-8726",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Second Look at Primary Generators

AU - Biskjaer, Michael Mose

AU - Christensen, Bo

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - Jane Darke’s (1979) paper ‘The Primary Generator and the Design Process’ appeared in the first issue of the journal Design Studies. Over the course of the following four decades of design research, the paper has turned into a must-read classic. In a revaluation of subjectivity in design, Darke (1979) described the primary generator as an imposed focus on a limited set of – typically subjectively valued – constraints, and as a way in to the problem for the architect. We revisit Darke’s paper to illustrate how the primary generator concept may be read as either a random starting point within a subset of constraints to be iteratively adjusted, or as a subjectively valued organizing principle that drives the design process. It may also be read as either a liberating force of subjective creative freedom, or as a subjective source of bias and fixation that the architect may be unwilling or unable to later escape. Darke herself held both these positions across time. Her ideas on the malleability of the design space and the very initiation of the creative design process by imposition of constraints have been critical in the evolution of constraint research, which denotes a rich strand of interdisciplinary design research.

AB - Jane Darke’s (1979) paper ‘The Primary Generator and the Design Process’ appeared in the first issue of the journal Design Studies. Over the course of the following four decades of design research, the paper has turned into a must-read classic. In a revaluation of subjectivity in design, Darke (1979) described the primary generator as an imposed focus on a limited set of – typically subjectively valued – constraints, and as a way in to the problem for the architect. We revisit Darke’s paper to illustrate how the primary generator concept may be read as either a random starting point within a subset of constraints to be iteratively adjusted, or as a subjectively valued organizing principle that drives the design process. It may also be read as either a liberating force of subjective creative freedom, or as a subjective source of bias and fixation that the architect may be unwilling or unable to later escape. Darke herself held both these positions across time. Her ideas on the malleability of the design space and the very initiation of the creative design process by imposition of constraints have been critical in the evolution of constraint research, which denotes a rich strand of interdisciplinary design research.

KW - Primary generator

KW - constraints

KW - architecture

KW - prestructuring

KW - design process

U2 - 10.1016/j.sheji.2020.08.007

DO - 10.1016/j.sheji.2020.08.007

M3 - Journal article

VL - 7

SP - 7

EP - 23

JO - She Ji: The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation

JF - She Ji: The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation

SN - 2405-8726

IS - 1

ER -