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A review study on proton exchange membrane fuel cell electrochemical performance focusing on anode and cathode catalyst layer modelling at macroscopic level

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A review study on proton exchange membrane fuel cell electrochemical performance focusing on anode and cathode catalyst layer modelling at macroscopic level. / Tzelepis, Stefanos; Kavadias, Kosmas A.; Marnellos, George E.; Xydis, George.

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 151, 111543, 11.2021.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperReviewResearchpeer-review

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Tzelepis, Stefanos ; Kavadias, Kosmas A. ; Marnellos, George E. ; Xydis, George. / A review study on proton exchange membrane fuel cell electrochemical performance focusing on anode and cathode catalyst layer modelling at macroscopic level. In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2021 ; Vol. 151.

Bibtex

@article{2e1ed916f1724dd3b27dc0d175d05932,
title = "A review study on proton exchange membrane fuel cell electrochemical performance focusing on anode and cathode catalyst layer modelling at macroscopic level",
abstract = "Fuel cells are promising energy conversion devices exhibiting high electrical efficiencies and zero emissions when green hydrogen is employed as a fuel feedstock, with applications in both the mobility and stationary sectors. This paper presents a comprehensive review on anode and cathode layer macroscopic modelling studies for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) that incorporate in a coupled manner both the electrochemical and transport (mass, heat and momentum) phenomena taking place at each compartment. The reviewed models have been classified according to their spatial dimensions into one-dimensional, two-dimensional and three-dimensional, giving particular emphasis on the examination of both catalyst layers. For each examined case, valuable information is provided regarding the modelling technique applied, the assumptions that have been made, and the validation procedure followed. This review includes essential information regarding the suitability of each simulation method to understand the impact of electro-catalysts{\textquoteright} physicochemical properties on the overall PEMFC electrochemical performance. In this sense, the requirement to simulate PEMFCs operation by investigating several alternative electrode material composites is underlined to provide a credible pathway to improve cell performance and minimize or even eliminate the incorporation of costly materials such as platinum or platinum group metals (PGM) in the anode and cathode electrodes.",
keywords = "Catalyst layers modelling, Electrochemical behavior, Macroscopic models, Modelling strategies, Proton exchange membrane fuel cells, Review",
author = "Stefanos Tzelepis and Kavadias, {Kosmas A.} and Marnellos, {George E.} and George Xydis",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021 Elsevier Ltd",
year = "2021",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1016/j.rser.2021.111543",
language = "English",
volume = "151",
journal = "Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews",
issn = "1364-0321",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A review study on proton exchange membrane fuel cell electrochemical performance focusing on anode and cathode catalyst layer modelling at macroscopic level

AU - Tzelepis, Stefanos

AU - Kavadias, Kosmas A.

AU - Marnellos, George E.

AU - Xydis, George

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2021 Elsevier Ltd

PY - 2021/11

Y1 - 2021/11

N2 - Fuel cells are promising energy conversion devices exhibiting high electrical efficiencies and zero emissions when green hydrogen is employed as a fuel feedstock, with applications in both the mobility and stationary sectors. This paper presents a comprehensive review on anode and cathode layer macroscopic modelling studies for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) that incorporate in a coupled manner both the electrochemical and transport (mass, heat and momentum) phenomena taking place at each compartment. The reviewed models have been classified according to their spatial dimensions into one-dimensional, two-dimensional and three-dimensional, giving particular emphasis on the examination of both catalyst layers. For each examined case, valuable information is provided regarding the modelling technique applied, the assumptions that have been made, and the validation procedure followed. This review includes essential information regarding the suitability of each simulation method to understand the impact of electro-catalysts’ physicochemical properties on the overall PEMFC electrochemical performance. In this sense, the requirement to simulate PEMFCs operation by investigating several alternative electrode material composites is underlined to provide a credible pathway to improve cell performance and minimize or even eliminate the incorporation of costly materials such as platinum or platinum group metals (PGM) in the anode and cathode electrodes.

AB - Fuel cells are promising energy conversion devices exhibiting high electrical efficiencies and zero emissions when green hydrogen is employed as a fuel feedstock, with applications in both the mobility and stationary sectors. This paper presents a comprehensive review on anode and cathode layer macroscopic modelling studies for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) that incorporate in a coupled manner both the electrochemical and transport (mass, heat and momentum) phenomena taking place at each compartment. The reviewed models have been classified according to their spatial dimensions into one-dimensional, two-dimensional and three-dimensional, giving particular emphasis on the examination of both catalyst layers. For each examined case, valuable information is provided regarding the modelling technique applied, the assumptions that have been made, and the validation procedure followed. This review includes essential information regarding the suitability of each simulation method to understand the impact of electro-catalysts’ physicochemical properties on the overall PEMFC electrochemical performance. In this sense, the requirement to simulate PEMFCs operation by investigating several alternative electrode material composites is underlined to provide a credible pathway to improve cell performance and minimize or even eliminate the incorporation of costly materials such as platinum or platinum group metals (PGM) in the anode and cathode electrodes.

KW - Catalyst layers modelling

KW - Electrochemical behavior

KW - Macroscopic models

KW - Modelling strategies

KW - Proton exchange membrane fuel cells

KW - Review

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85111327594&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.rser.2021.111543

DO - 10.1016/j.rser.2021.111543

M3 - Review

AN - SCOPUS:85111327594

VL - 151

JO - Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews

JF - Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews

SN - 1364-0321

M1 - 111543

ER -