A numerical investigation of a wind turbine wake in non-neutral atmospheric conditions

M. Baungaard*, Mahdi Abkar, M.P. van der Laan, M. Kelly

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Wind turbine wakes cause energy losses and increased blade fatigue loads in wind farms. The magnitude of these effects depend strongly on the atmospheric conditions. In nonneutral atmospheric conditions, there is a turbulence kinetic energy (TKE) contribution from buoyancy, either positive (convective boundary layer, CBL) or negative (stable boundary layer, SBL). In this work, both conditions are analyzed with new large-eddy simulation (LES) data of a single wind turbine wake in flat, homogeneous terrain to quantify the effects of buoyancy. It is found that the buoyancy contribution is negligible compared to the shear production in the wake region and the role of buoyancy is therefore mainly to alter the inflow profiles. This fact is used in a simple Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) turbulence model, which shows reasonable results for wake velocity deficit compared to LES data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022015
Book seriesJournal of Physics Conference Series
Volume2265
Issue2
Number of pages11
ISSN1742-6588
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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