A novel hybrid concept for implementation in drinking water treatment targets micropollutant removal by combining membrane filtration with biodegradation

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A novel hybrid concept for implementation in drinking water treatment targets micropollutant removal by combining membrane filtration with biodegradation. / Hylling, Ole; Nikbakht Fini, M.; Ellegaard-Jensen, Lea; Muff, Jens; Madsen, Henrik Tækker; Aamand, Jens; Hansen, Lars Hestbjerg.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 694, 133710, 12.2019.

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Hylling, Ole ; Nikbakht Fini, M. ; Ellegaard-Jensen, Lea ; Muff, Jens ; Madsen, Henrik Tækker ; Aamand, Jens ; Hansen, Lars Hestbjerg. / A novel hybrid concept for implementation in drinking water treatment targets micropollutant removal by combining membrane filtration with biodegradation. In: Science of the Total Environment. 2019 ; Vol. 694.

Bibtex

@article{ca11ce226c134a1aae68f93d22aba962,
title = "A novel hybrid concept for implementation in drinking water treatment targets micropollutant removal by combining membrane filtration with biodegradation",
abstract = "Groundwater extracted for drinking water production is commonly treated by aeration and sand filtration. However, this simple treatment is typically unable to remove pesticide residues. As a solution, bioaugmentation of sand filter units (i.e., the addition of specific degrader strains) has been proposed as an alternative “green” technology for targeted pesticide removal. However, the introduced degraders are challenged by (i) micropollutant levels of target residue, (ii) the oligotrophic environment and (iii) competition and predation by the native microorganisms, leading to loss of population and degradation potential. To overcome these challenges, we propose the introduction of a novel hybrid treatment step to the overall treatment process in which reverse osmosis filtration and biodegradation are combined to remove a target micropollutant. Here, the reverse osmosis produces a concentrated retentate that will act as a feed to a dedicated biofilter unit, intended to promote biodegradation potential and stability of an introduced degrader. Subsequently, the purified retentate will be re-mixed with the permeate from reverse osmosis, for re-mineralization and downstream consumption. In our study, we investigated the effect of reverse osmosis retentates on the degradation potential of an introduced degrader. This paper provides the first promising results of this hybrid concept using the 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM)-degrading bacteria Aminobacter sp. MSH1 in batch experiments, spiked with radiolabeled BAM. The results showed an increased degradation potential of MSH1 in retentate waters versus untreated water. Colony-forming units and qPCR showed a stable MSH1 population, despite higher concentrations of salts and metals, and increased growth of native bacteria.",
keywords = "2,6-Dichlorobenzamide (BAM), Biodegradation, Drinking water treatment, Membrane filtration, Microbial biotechnology, Pesticide removal",
author = "Ole Hylling and {Nikbakht Fini}, M. and Lea Ellegaard-Jensen and Jens Muff and Madsen, {Henrik T{\ae}kker} and Jens Aamand and Hansen, {Lars Hestbjerg}",
year = "2019",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133710",
language = "English",
volume = "694",
journal = "Science of the Total Environment",
issn = "0048-9697",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A novel hybrid concept for implementation in drinking water treatment targets micropollutant removal by combining membrane filtration with biodegradation

AU - Hylling, Ole

AU - Nikbakht Fini, M.

AU - Ellegaard-Jensen, Lea

AU - Muff, Jens

AU - Madsen, Henrik Tækker

AU - Aamand, Jens

AU - Hansen, Lars Hestbjerg

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

N2 - Groundwater extracted for drinking water production is commonly treated by aeration and sand filtration. However, this simple treatment is typically unable to remove pesticide residues. As a solution, bioaugmentation of sand filter units (i.e., the addition of specific degrader strains) has been proposed as an alternative “green” technology for targeted pesticide removal. However, the introduced degraders are challenged by (i) micropollutant levels of target residue, (ii) the oligotrophic environment and (iii) competition and predation by the native microorganisms, leading to loss of population and degradation potential. To overcome these challenges, we propose the introduction of a novel hybrid treatment step to the overall treatment process in which reverse osmosis filtration and biodegradation are combined to remove a target micropollutant. Here, the reverse osmosis produces a concentrated retentate that will act as a feed to a dedicated biofilter unit, intended to promote biodegradation potential and stability of an introduced degrader. Subsequently, the purified retentate will be re-mixed with the permeate from reverse osmosis, for re-mineralization and downstream consumption. In our study, we investigated the effect of reverse osmosis retentates on the degradation potential of an introduced degrader. This paper provides the first promising results of this hybrid concept using the 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM)-degrading bacteria Aminobacter sp. MSH1 in batch experiments, spiked with radiolabeled BAM. The results showed an increased degradation potential of MSH1 in retentate waters versus untreated water. Colony-forming units and qPCR showed a stable MSH1 population, despite higher concentrations of salts and metals, and increased growth of native bacteria.

AB - Groundwater extracted for drinking water production is commonly treated by aeration and sand filtration. However, this simple treatment is typically unable to remove pesticide residues. As a solution, bioaugmentation of sand filter units (i.e., the addition of specific degrader strains) has been proposed as an alternative “green” technology for targeted pesticide removal. However, the introduced degraders are challenged by (i) micropollutant levels of target residue, (ii) the oligotrophic environment and (iii) competition and predation by the native microorganisms, leading to loss of population and degradation potential. To overcome these challenges, we propose the introduction of a novel hybrid treatment step to the overall treatment process in which reverse osmosis filtration and biodegradation are combined to remove a target micropollutant. Here, the reverse osmosis produces a concentrated retentate that will act as a feed to a dedicated biofilter unit, intended to promote biodegradation potential and stability of an introduced degrader. Subsequently, the purified retentate will be re-mixed with the permeate from reverse osmosis, for re-mineralization and downstream consumption. In our study, we investigated the effect of reverse osmosis retentates on the degradation potential of an introduced degrader. This paper provides the first promising results of this hybrid concept using the 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM)-degrading bacteria Aminobacter sp. MSH1 in batch experiments, spiked with radiolabeled BAM. The results showed an increased degradation potential of MSH1 in retentate waters versus untreated water. Colony-forming units and qPCR showed a stable MSH1 population, despite higher concentrations of salts and metals, and increased growth of native bacteria.

KW - 2,6-Dichlorobenzamide (BAM)

KW - Biodegradation

KW - Drinking water treatment

KW - Membrane filtration

KW - Microbial biotechnology

KW - Pesticide removal

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070311015&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133710

DO - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133710

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31756842

AN - SCOPUS:85070311015

VL - 694

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

M1 - 133710

ER -