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A Multi-Factor Account of Degrees of Awareness

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DOI

In this paper we argue that awareness comes in degrees, and we propose a novel multi-factor account that spans both subjective experiences and perceptual representations. At the subjective level, we argue that conscious experiences can be degraded by being fragmented, less salient, too generic, or flash-like. At the representational level, we identify corresponding features of perceptual representations-their availability for working memory, intensity, precision, and stability-and argue that the mechanisms that affect these features are what ultimately modulate the degree of awareness. We conclude the paper by demonstrating why the original interpretations of certain empirical findings that apparently pose problems for our account are, in fact, flawed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCognitive Science
Volume42
Issue6
Pages (from-to)1833-1859
Number of pages27
ISSN0364-0213
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

    Research areas

  • Consciousness, Graded, Dichotomous, Intensity, Precision, Levels of processing, FEATURE-BASED ATTENTION, VISUAL WORKING-MEMORY, CONSCIOUS PERCEPTION, BAYESIAN-INFERENCE, POPULATION RESPONSES, EXOGENOUS ATTENTION, SELECTIVE ATTENTION, CORTEX, APPEARANCE, MODULATION

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