A high-resolution nitrate vulnerability assessment of sandy aquifers (DRASTIC-N)

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Standard

A high-resolution nitrate vulnerability assessment of sandy aquifers (DRASTIC-N). / Voutchkova, Denitza D; Schullehner, Jörg; Rasmussen, Per; Hansen, Birgitte.

In: Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 277, 111330, 01.2021.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Voutchkova, DD, Schullehner, J, Rasmussen, P & Hansen, B 2021, 'A high-resolution nitrate vulnerability assessment of sandy aquifers (DRASTIC-N)', Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 277, 111330. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111330

APA

Voutchkova, D. D., Schullehner, J., Rasmussen, P., & Hansen, B. (2021). A high-resolution nitrate vulnerability assessment of sandy aquifers (DRASTIC-N). Journal of Environmental Management, 277, [111330]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111330

CBE

Voutchkova DD, Schullehner J, Rasmussen P, Hansen B. 2021. A high-resolution nitrate vulnerability assessment of sandy aquifers (DRASTIC-N). Journal of Environmental Management. 277:Article 111330. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111330

MLA

Vancouver

Voutchkova DD, Schullehner J, Rasmussen P, Hansen B. A high-resolution nitrate vulnerability assessment of sandy aquifers (DRASTIC-N). Journal of Environmental Management. 2021 Jan;277. 111330. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111330

Author

Voutchkova, Denitza D ; Schullehner, Jörg ; Rasmussen, Per ; Hansen, Birgitte. / A high-resolution nitrate vulnerability assessment of sandy aquifers (DRASTIC-N). In: Journal of Environmental Management. 2021 ; Vol. 277.

Bibtex

@article{ac49b03f0e47437688da75438b1e6ea1,
title = "A high-resolution nitrate vulnerability assessment of sandy aquifers (DRASTIC-N)",
abstract = "Groundwater protection against agricultural diffuse nitrate pollution is of paramount importance for safeguarding groundwater-dependent aquatic ecosystems and protecting human health by securing clean groundwater for drinking water production. Nitrate vulnerability assessment of aquifers is the core of a scientifically sound strategy for management and protection of groundwater by authorities. A multitude of methods exists for assessing intrinsic aquifer vulnerability. The objective of this paper is to develop a nitrate-specific groundwater vulnerability assessment method based on the globally recognized DRASTIC method, which was developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency in the 1980s. We propose a new method {"}DRASTIC-N″ for assessing aquifer nitrate vulnerability, which for the first time expands the seven original geological and hydrogeological parameters with a geochemical parameter for redox condition. The development of DRASTIC-N is based on the longstanding Danish practice of performing detailed groundwater mapping based on dense sampling of geophysical, geological, and geochemical data. DRASTIC-N is compared to the widely used and documented Danish nitrate vulnerability assessment method SCANVA in a study area where the primary aquifer used for drinking water production is composed of heterogeneous sandy glacial deposits. Both SCANVA and DRASTIC-N result in vulnerability maps, which show similar patterns of nitrate vulnerability with a fair overall agreement of 71%. DRASTIC-N provides a framework for systematic and transparent application, which can facilitate stakeholder involvement and help authorities in groundwater protection and decision-making with regards to nitrate pollution. DRASTIC-N is suitable for nitrate vulnerability assessments of glacially deposited sandy aquifers, an abundant and important water resource worldwide, potentially threatened by nitrate pollution from anthropogenic activities.",
keywords = "Ecosystem, Environmental Monitoring, Groundwater, Humans, Nitrates, Sand, Water Pollutants, Chemical/analysis, DRASTIC, groundwater vulnerability, nitrate vulnerability, redox interface, SCANVA",
author = "Voutchkova, {Denitza D} and J{\"o}rg Schullehner and Per Rasmussen and Birgitte Hansen",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.",
year = "2021",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111330",
language = "English",
volume = "277",
journal = "Journal of Environmental Management",
issn = "0301-4797",
publisher = "Academic Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A high-resolution nitrate vulnerability assessment of sandy aquifers (DRASTIC-N)

AU - Voutchkova, Denitza D

AU - Schullehner, Jörg

AU - Rasmussen, Per

AU - Hansen, Birgitte

N1 - Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/1

Y1 - 2021/1

N2 - Groundwater protection against agricultural diffuse nitrate pollution is of paramount importance for safeguarding groundwater-dependent aquatic ecosystems and protecting human health by securing clean groundwater for drinking water production. Nitrate vulnerability assessment of aquifers is the core of a scientifically sound strategy for management and protection of groundwater by authorities. A multitude of methods exists for assessing intrinsic aquifer vulnerability. The objective of this paper is to develop a nitrate-specific groundwater vulnerability assessment method based on the globally recognized DRASTIC method, which was developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency in the 1980s. We propose a new method "DRASTIC-N″ for assessing aquifer nitrate vulnerability, which for the first time expands the seven original geological and hydrogeological parameters with a geochemical parameter for redox condition. The development of DRASTIC-N is based on the longstanding Danish practice of performing detailed groundwater mapping based on dense sampling of geophysical, geological, and geochemical data. DRASTIC-N is compared to the widely used and documented Danish nitrate vulnerability assessment method SCANVA in a study area where the primary aquifer used for drinking water production is composed of heterogeneous sandy glacial deposits. Both SCANVA and DRASTIC-N result in vulnerability maps, which show similar patterns of nitrate vulnerability with a fair overall agreement of 71%. DRASTIC-N provides a framework for systematic and transparent application, which can facilitate stakeholder involvement and help authorities in groundwater protection and decision-making with regards to nitrate pollution. DRASTIC-N is suitable for nitrate vulnerability assessments of glacially deposited sandy aquifers, an abundant and important water resource worldwide, potentially threatened by nitrate pollution from anthropogenic activities.

AB - Groundwater protection against agricultural diffuse nitrate pollution is of paramount importance for safeguarding groundwater-dependent aquatic ecosystems and protecting human health by securing clean groundwater for drinking water production. Nitrate vulnerability assessment of aquifers is the core of a scientifically sound strategy for management and protection of groundwater by authorities. A multitude of methods exists for assessing intrinsic aquifer vulnerability. The objective of this paper is to develop a nitrate-specific groundwater vulnerability assessment method based on the globally recognized DRASTIC method, which was developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency in the 1980s. We propose a new method "DRASTIC-N″ for assessing aquifer nitrate vulnerability, which for the first time expands the seven original geological and hydrogeological parameters with a geochemical parameter for redox condition. The development of DRASTIC-N is based on the longstanding Danish practice of performing detailed groundwater mapping based on dense sampling of geophysical, geological, and geochemical data. DRASTIC-N is compared to the widely used and documented Danish nitrate vulnerability assessment method SCANVA in a study area where the primary aquifer used for drinking water production is composed of heterogeneous sandy glacial deposits. Both SCANVA and DRASTIC-N result in vulnerability maps, which show similar patterns of nitrate vulnerability with a fair overall agreement of 71%. DRASTIC-N provides a framework for systematic and transparent application, which can facilitate stakeholder involvement and help authorities in groundwater protection and decision-making with regards to nitrate pollution. DRASTIC-N is suitable for nitrate vulnerability assessments of glacially deposited sandy aquifers, an abundant and important water resource worldwide, potentially threatened by nitrate pollution from anthropogenic activities.

KW - Ecosystem

KW - Environmental Monitoring

KW - Groundwater

KW - Humans

KW - Nitrates

KW - Sand

KW - Water Pollutants, Chemical/analysis

KW - DRASTIC

KW - groundwater vulnerability

KW - nitrate vulnerability

KW - redox interface

KW - SCANVA

U2 - 10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111330

DO - 10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111330

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32971506

VL - 277

JO - Journal of Environmental Management

JF - Journal of Environmental Management

SN - 0301-4797

M1 - 111330

ER -