A high-performance carbon derived from corn stover via microwave and slow pyrolysis for supercapacitors

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Hong Jin, Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Department, South Dakota State University, United States
  • Xiaomin wang, Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Department, South Dakota State University, United States
  • Yanbin Shen, Denmark
  • Zhengrong Gu, Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Department, South Dakota State University, United States
Microwave and slow pyrolysis were conducted for converting corn stover to biochar. Chemical agents of sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide were used to progressively produce activated carbon. The pore structures and surface area of the samples were characterized by nitrogen adsorption/desorption at 77 K. The results demonstrated that higher specific surface areas of activated carbons were obtained by microwave pyrolysis combined with potassium hydroxide activation. However, electrochemical measurements showed that the slow pyrolysis biochar treated with 0.05 mol g−1 (potassium hydroxide/biochar) presented the best electrochemical properties. For this sample the specific capacitance was 245.9 F g−1 at a current density of 0.1 A g−1, and it can maintain a specific capacitance of 211.6 F g−1 even at the high current density of 1.0 A g−1.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
Volume110
Pages (from-to)18-23
Number of pages6
ISSN0165-2370
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

See relations at Aarhus University Citationformats

ID: 81371067