A Darier disease mutation relieves kinetic constraints imposed by the tail of sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase 2b

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The sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) 2b isoform possesses an extended C terminus (SERCA2b tail) forming an 11th transmembrane (TM) helix, which slows conformational changes of the Ca2+-pump reaction cycle. Here, we report that a Darier disease (DD) mutation of SERCA2b that changes a glutamate to lysine in the cytoplasmic loop between TM8 and TM9 (E917K) relieves these kinetic constraints. We analyzed the effects of this mutation on the overall reaction and the individual partial reactions of the Ca2+ pump compared with the corresponding mutations of the SERCA2a and SERCA1a isoforms lacking the SERCA2b tail. In addition to a reduced affinity for Ca2+, caused by the mutation in all three isoforms examined, we observed a unique enhancing effect on the turnover rates of ATPase activity and Ca2+ transport for the SERCA2b E917K mutation. This relief of kinetic constraints contrasted with inhibitory effects observed for the corresponding SERCA2a and SERCA1a (E918K) mutations. These observations indicated that the E917/918K mutations affect the rate-limiting conformational change in isoform-specific ways, and that the SERCA2b mutation perturbs the interactions of TM11 with other SERCA2b regions. Mutational analysis of an arginine in TM7 that interacts with the glutamate in SERCA1a crystal structures suggested that in wild type SERCA2b, the corresponding arginine (Arg-835) may be involved in mediating the conformational restriction by TM11. Moreover, the E917K mutation may disturb TM11 through the cytoplasmic loop between TM10 and TM11. In conclusion, our findings have identified structural elements of importance for the kinetic constraints imposed by TM11.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Pages (from-to)3880-3889
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2018

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