Department of Political Science

A congruence analysis of the inequality-conflict nexus: Evidence from 16 cases

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  • Henrikas Bartusevicius
The relationship between inequality and civil conflict has attracted considerable interest in conflict research. Recent large-N studies have shown that inequalities significantly contribute to the outbreak of civil conflict and have proposed a number of causal pathways to account for this. These pathways, however, have rarely been assessed in systematic case-based research. This study implements a “middle-N” qualitative congruence analysis of 16 conflicts, focusing on the observable implications of the pathways through which inequalities are typically theorized to influence conflict. The study finds evidence to support some of the main pathways proposed in the quantitative literature. Furthermore, the analysis finds that different types of inequalities relate to different conflict categories. Specifically, vertical inequalities relate to non-ethnic governmental conflicts (via an “individual deprivation pathway”), regional inequalities to non-ethnic territorial conflicts (via a “separatist pathway”), and horizontal inequalities to ethnic conflicts (via a “group deprivation pathway”).
Original languageEnglish
JournalConflict Management and Peace Science
Pages (from-to)339-358
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

    Research areas

  • Armed conflict, causal pathways, civil war, congruence analysis, grievances, inequality, relative deprivation, RESOURCES, CIVIL-WAR, ARMED CONFLICT, HORIZONTAL INEQUALITIES, WEALTH, INSURGENCY, GRIEVANCES, INCOME, REBELLION, ECONOMY

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