3D Quantum Cuts for Automatic Segmentation of Porous Media in Tomography Images

Junaid Malik*, Serkan Kiranyaz, Riyadh I. Al-Raoush, Oliver Monga, Patricia Garnier, Sebti Foufou, Abdelaziz Bouras, Alexandros Iosifidis, Moncef Gabbouj, Philippe C. Baveye

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Binary segmentation of volumetric images of porous media is a crucial step towards gaining a deeper understanding of the factors governing biogeochemical processes at minute scales. Contemporary work primarily revolves around primitive techniques based on global or local adaptive thresholding that have known common drawbacks in image segmentation. Moreover, the absence of a unified benchmark prohibits quantitative evaluation, which further undermines the impact of existing methodologies. In this study, we tackle the issue on both fronts. First, by drawing parallels with natural image segmentation, we propose a novel, and automatic segmentation technique, 3D Quantum Cuts (QCuts-3D) grounded on a state-of-the-art spectral clustering technique. Secondly, we curate and present a publicly available dataset of 68 multiphase volumetric images of porous media with diverse solid geometries, along with voxel-wise ground truth annotations for each constituting phase. We provide comparative evaluations between QCuts-3D and the current state-of-the-art over this dataset across a variety of evaluation metrics. The proposed systematic approach achieves a 26% increase in AUROC (Area Under Receiver Operating Characteristics) while achieving a substantial reduction of the computational complexity over state-of-the-art competitors. Moreover, statistical analysis reveals that the proposed method exhibits significant robustness against the compositional variations of porous media.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number105017
    JournalComputers & Geosciences
    Volume159
    Number of pages11
    ISSN0098-3004
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

    Keywords

    • Computed micro-tomography
    • Graph cuts
    • Porous media
    • Soil segmentation

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