2LiBH(4)-MgH2 nanoconfined into carbon aerogel scaffold impregnated with ZrCl4 for reversible hydrogen storage

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  • Rapee Utke, Suranaree University of Technology , Thailand
  • Sophida Thiangviriya, Suranaree University of Technology , Thailand
  • Payam Javadian
  • ,
  • Torben R. Jensen
  • Chiara Milanese, University of Pavia, Italy
  • Thomas Klassen, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany
  • Martin Dornheim, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany

Nanoconfinement of 2LiBH(4)-MgH2 composite into carbon aerogel scaffold (CAS) impregnated with zirconium (IV) chloride (ZrCl4) for reversible hydrogen storage is proposed. Nanoconfined samples prepared with hydride:ZrCl4-doped CAS weight ratios of 1:1, 1:2, and 1:3 are prepared by melt infiltration technique. Successful nanoconfinement of all samples is confirmed and it is found that the sample with high content of hydride with respect to ZrCl4-doped CAS (1:1 weight ratio) shows partial pore blocking. The most suitable hydride:ZrCl4-doped CAS weight ratio providing the best performance based on dehydrogenation temperature and kinetics as well as hydrogen storage capacity is 1:2. Reduction of dehydrogenation temperature and faster kinetics are obtained after doping with ZrCl4. Up to 97 and 93% of theoretical hydrogen storage capacity are released and reproduced after four cycles of nanoconfined sample with ZrCl4 (1:2 weight ratio). Deficient hydrogen content with respect to theoretical capacity can be due to partial dehydrogenation during melt infiltration and formation of thermally stable [B12H12](2-) phases during cycling. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Pages (from-to)136-141
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

    Research areas

  • Nanostructures, Metals, Alloys, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Powder diffraction, LIBH4-MGH2 COMPOSITE, REACTION-MECHANISMS, HYDRIDE COMPOSITES, KINETICS, DEHYDROGENATION, CATALYSTS, SYSTEM, OXIDE

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