2LiBH(4)-MgH2 nanoconfined into carbon aerogel scaffold impregnated with ZrCl4 for reversible hydrogen storage

Rapee Utke*, Sophida Thiangviriya, Payam Javadian, Torben R. Jensen, Chiara Milanese, Thomas Klassen, Martin Dornheim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Nanoconfinement of 2LiBH(4)-MgH2 composite into carbon aerogel scaffold (CAS) impregnated with zirconium (IV) chloride (ZrCl4) for reversible hydrogen storage is proposed. Nanoconfined samples prepared with hydride:ZrCl4-doped CAS weight ratios of 1:1, 1:2, and 1:3 are prepared by melt infiltration technique. Successful nanoconfinement of all samples is confirmed and it is found that the sample with high content of hydride with respect to ZrCl4-doped CAS (1:1 weight ratio) shows partial pore blocking. The most suitable hydride:ZrCl4-doped CAS weight ratio providing the best performance based on dehydrogenation temperature and kinetics as well as hydrogen storage capacity is 1:2. Reduction of dehydrogenation temperature and faster kinetics are obtained after doping with ZrCl4. Up to 97 and 93% of theoretical hydrogen storage capacity are released and reproduced after four cycles of nanoconfined sample with ZrCl4 (1:2 weight ratio). Deficient hydrogen content with respect to theoretical capacity can be due to partial dehydrogenation during melt infiltration and formation of thermally stable [B12H12](2-) phases during cycling. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Volume169
Pages (from-to)136-141
Number of pages6
ISSN0254-0584
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

Keywords

  • Nanostructures
  • Metals
  • Alloys
  • Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)
  • Powder diffraction
  • LIBH4-MGH2 COMPOSITE
  • REACTION-MECHANISMS
  • HYDRIDE COMPOSITES
  • KINETICS
  • DEHYDROGENATION
  • CATALYSTS
  • SYSTEM
  • OXIDE

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