21st Century Climate Change Impacts on Key Properties of a Large-Scale Renewable-Based Electricity System

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Falling prices and significant technology developments currently drive an increased weather-dependent electricity production from renewables. In light of the changing climate, it is relevant to investigate to what extent climate change directly impacts future highly weather-dependent electricity systems. Here, we use three IPCC CO 2 concentration pathways for the period 2006–2100 with six high-resolution climate experiments for the European domain. Climate data are used to calculate bias-adjusted 3-hourly time series of wind and solar generation and temperature-corrected demand time series for 30 European countries using a state-of-the-art methodology. Weather-driven electricity system analysis is then applied to compare five key metrics of highly renewable electricity systems. We find that climate change changes the need for dispatchable electricity by up to 20%. The remaining key metrics, such as the benefit of transmission and storage as well as requirements for balancing capacity and reserves, change by up to 5%.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJoule
Volume3
Issue4
Pages (from-to)992-1005
Number of pages14
ISSN2542-4351
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

    Research areas

  • climate change mitigation, climate projections, dispatchable electricity, electricity demand projection, global climate models, regional climate models, renewable electricity systems, solar power projection, wind power projection

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ID: 151635685