Theory of Mind Deficits in Autism Spectrum Disorders and Schizophrenia

Project: Other

See relations at Aarhus University


There is general consensus that austism disorders (ASD) and schizophrenia are characterized by impairments in social cognition, and the presence of theory og mind (ToM) deficits has been found in both disorders. However, whether the ToM deficits in the two patient groups are similar or distinct is still not clarified. On this basis, the purpose of this thesis was to examine and compare ToM deficits in ASD and schizophrenia assessed by behavioural tests. The first par comprises a systematic review and meta-analysis og ToM in ASD and schizophrenia. In the second part an empirical case-control study comparing ToM and social perception in schizophrenia and ASD is described and interpreted. It becomes evident that both disorders are characterized by severe ToM deficits relative to healthy controls. However, comparison of the two patient groups show mixed results. In general, severity of social cognitive deficits seems to differ across different subgroups in both ASD and scizophrenia, which is a pivotal finding of great relevance in comparison of these two disorders. However, these results require further examination and elucidation in future research.
Effective start/end date01/02/201601/06/2016

ID: 195288519