Background: Elderly people represent the majority of stroke cases worldwide. Post-stroke sequelae frequently lead
to a more isolated life. Restricted social relations render older individuals with stroke a vulnerable group, especially
in terms of social reintegration. Reintegration into the community after a stroke largely depends on support from
the family. However, close relatives are at risk of becoming overburdened. The aim of this study is to investigate the
effect of a novel self-management intervention to support elderly people after stroke.
Methods/Design: Randomized controlled trial. Two weeks before discharge from a rehabilitation hospital/center,
individuals with stroke aged > 65 years will be randomized either to a group receiving conventional
neurorehabilitation (control) or to an additional novel self-management intervention. In the intervention group,
patients with stroke will be offered eight self-management sessions of 45–60 min duration by a physiotherapist or
an occupational therapist during a period of nine months after discharge. Inclusion will continue until at least 35
individuals in each group have been recruited.
Study outcome measurements: Stroke Self-efficacy Questionnaire, a short version of Stroke Specific Quality of Life
Scale, Impact on Participation and Autonomy and Caregiver Burden Scale. Furthermore, physical activity will be
assessed using accelerometers. All outcomes except “impact on participation” and “autonomy” will be assessed at
baseline, three months, and nine months after discharge. Impact on participation and autonomy will be assessed at
three and nine months after discharge.
Patient, informal caregiver, and therapist satisfaction will be examined by way of questionnaires and interviews.
Discussion: Self-management interventions are promising strategies for rehabilitation, potentially increasing selfefficacy,
quality of life, as well as participation and autonomy. The introduction of a novel self-management
intervention in combination with traditional physical and occupational therapy may enhance recovery after stroke
and quality of life and lessen the burden on relatives. This trial “Stroke - 65 Plus. Continued Active Life,” will provide
further evidence of self-management strategies to clinicians, patients, and health economists.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03183960. Registered on 12 June 2017.
Keywords: Self-management, Support, Self-efficacy, Quality of life, Stroke, Elderly people